According to Stirner, are other humans “spooks”?

What did Max Stirner believe?

Stirner believed that there was no objective social reality independent of the individual; social classes, the state, the masses, and humanity are abstractions and therefore need not be considered seriously. He wrote of a finite, empirical ego, which he saw as the motive force of every human action.

What is Max Stirner’s opinion on the nature of people?

For Stirner, the essential core of human nature is the self-interested ego so each person should be able to express their individuality free from all constraints. Consequently, the self-interested and rational individual should be able to use anything or anyone they want to achieve their own purposes.

What is egoism stirner?

Stirner’s philosophy is usually called “egoism”. He says that the egoist rejects pursuit of devotion to “a great idea, a good cause, a doctrine, a system, a lofty calling”, saying that the egoist has no political calling, but rather “lives themselves out” without regard to “how well or ill humanity may fare thereby”.

Was stirner a Hegelian?

Johann Kaspar Schmidt (25 October 1806 – 26 June 1856), known professionally as Max Stirner, was a German post-Hegelian philosopher, dealing mainly with the Hegelian notion of social alienation and self-consciousness.

Was stirner a nihilist?

Stirner belonged to movements which Marx rejected as ‘intel- lectual nihilists’. Following the nihilist logic to its ultimate implic- ations, he denied God and Christian values, the State’s authority, and all traditional morality. But he went still further, and denied all ethical obligations.

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Is stirner a Marxist?

Using Baruch Spinoza’s philosophy, “it is possible to reconstruct an ontology that makes sense of Stirner’s views” (p. 60). The thinker he most uses is Marx. Except for a few brief statements, he does not cite other anarchists, with the exception of Gustav Landauer.

Did Engels make up stirner?

Came across a weird thread on /leftypol/ a while back where a user claimed that Max Stirner/Johann Caspar Schmidt was not a real person. They argued that Max was instead created by Engels as a pseudonym to promote ideas Engels held but did not feel comfortable expressing publicly.

Is morality a spook?

The rules of organized religion, morality, ‘family values’, ‘rights and duties’, social norms, these are all classic spooks.

Was Nietzsche egoist?

A major obstacle to reading Nietzsche as a philosopher who has something to offer substantive moral theory is his self-ascriptions as both an immoralist and an egoist.

What is Ayn Rand’s philosophy?

Rand called her philosophy “Objectivism”, describing its essence as “the concept of man as a heroic being, with his own happiness as the moral purpose of his life, with productive achievement as his noblest activity, and reason as his only absolute”.