An sich and Für sich (in itself and for itself)

Für sich: Explicit, actual. See An sich. Fürsichseyn: Being for itself, – that is, being which defines its own bounds and determines its own properties. It is self-determined, self-contained being.

What does Hegel mean by for itself?

5) being-for-itself Being that is something more than merely the opposite of the things it contrasts with. “Something is for itself in so far as it transcends otherness, its connexion and community with another, has repelled them and made abstraction from them.” (SL158).

What was Hegel’s theory?

Hegelianism is the philosophy of G. W. F. Hegel in which reality has a conceptual structure. Pure Concepts are not subjectively applied to sense-impressions but rather things exist for actualizing their a priori pure concept. The concept of the concept is called the Idea by Hegel.

What does Hegel mean by the understanding?

For Hegel, as for Kant, understanding is distinct from reason, but unlike Kant, Hegel does not regard it as the supreme cognitive power in the sphere of theoretical knowledge: understanding is merely a stage, albeit a necessary one. UNIVERSAL, UNIVERSALITY (allgemein, Allgemeinheit).

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What is the meaning of spirit in Hegel?

Geist is a central concept in Hegel’s The Phenomenology of Spirit (Phänomenologie des Geistes). According to some interpretations, the Weltgeist (“world spirit”) is not an actual object or a transcendental, Godlike thing, but a means of philosophizing about history.

What is meant by being in itself and being for itself explain?

Being for-itself (pour-soi) is the mode of existence of consciousness, consisting in its own activity and purposive nature; being in-itself (en-soi) is the self-sufficient, lumpy, contingent being of ordinary things.

What is ground in Hegel?

Hegel defines Ground as the unity of Identity and Difference, and the precursor of Appearance.

What kind of philosopher was Hegel?

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, (born August 27, 1770, Stuttgart, Württemberg [Germany]—died November 14, 1831, Berlin), German philosopher who developed a dialectical scheme that emphasized the progress of history and of ideas from thesis to antithesis and thence to a synthesis.

What are Hegel’s views about freedom of the individual?

The concept of freedom is one which Hegel thought of very great importance; indeed, he believed that it is the central concept in human history. ‘Mind is free’, he wrote, ‘and to actualise this, its essence – to achieve this excellence – is the endeavour of the worldmind in world-history’ (VG, p. 73).

What is civil society according to Hegel?

Rather, for Hegel civil society is an education of individuals to a consciousness of the underlaying ethical institutions which ground their self-interest and morality. The universality of the moral will is shown to presuppose a concrete institutional system.

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What is Existentialism According to Kierkegaard?

Søren Kierkegaard is generally considered to have been the first existentialist philosopher. He proposed that each individual—not reason, society, or religious orthodoxy—is solely tasked with giving meaning to life and living it sincerely, or “authentically”.

Is Hegel’s Geist God?

It argues that Hegel’s God is spiritual in a new sense defined by him, that is, religion is defined in terms of a living Geist that is both objective and subjective, transcendental and concrete. For Hegel, God reveals himself in the historical unfolding of a spirit, which is both substance and subject.

What did Hegel mean by phenomenology?

Rather, he maintains, we must examine actual knowing as it occurs in real knowledge processes. This is why Hegel uses the term “phenomenology”. “Phenomenology” comes from the Greek word for “to appear”, and the phenomenology of mind is thus the study of how consciousness or mind appears to itself.

How did Kant influence Hegel?

Hegel responded to Kant’s philosophy by suggesting that the unsolvable contradictions given by Kant in his Antinomies of Pure Reason applied not only to the four areas Kant gave (world as infinite vs. finite, material as composite vs. atomic, etc.) but in all objects and conceptions, notions and ideas.

What is Hegel trying to do in Phenomenology of Spirit?

Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit systematically traces the development of consciousness up to the level of philosophical consciousness which is philosophical reflection on its own origins.

What did Hegel argue?

Hegel argues that the tendency in modern life characterized by economic individualism and the Enlightenment idea of the individual as a subject possessing various rights represents a movement away from the recognition of essential social bonds.

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What is Kant main philosophy?

His moral philosophy is a philosophy of freedom. Without human freedom, thought Kant, moral appraisal and moral responsibility would be impossible. Kant believes that if a person could not act otherwise, then his or her act can have no moral worth.