Are Hellenistic schools of philosophy also therapeutic regimes?


What was the main problem of Hellenistic philosophy?

Due to the rise of Christianity, the Hellenistic philosophy got sidelined, as, within Christianity, there was no place for Cynical defiance of social norms, or Epicurean emphasis on pleasure, or Stoic fatalism, and or Skeptical doubt.

What prescriptions did each of the Hellenistic philosophies offer for achieving happiness?

What prescriptions did each of the Hellenistic philosophies offer for achieving happiness? Epecureanism claimed happiness was achieved through freedom from pain and suffering and also through friends and family. Stoicism claimed happiness was achieved through gaining control of one’s inner life and divine reason.

What was the goal of Hellenistic philosophy?

They advocated examination of the world to understand the ultimate foundation of things. The goal of life was the eudaimonia which originated from virtuous actions, which consisted in keeping the mean between the two extremes of the too much and the too little.

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What are the Hellenistic schools of philosophy?

The two schools of thought that dominated Hellenistic philosophy were Stoicism, as introduced by Zeno of Citium, and the writings of Epikouros. Stoicism, which was also greatly enriched and modified by Zeno’s successors, notably Chrysippos (ca. 280–207 B.C.), divided philosophy into logic, physics, and ethics.

How was Hellenistic philosophy different from Hellenic philosophy?

Hellenistic studies focus on the study of the Ancient Greeks between 323 BCE and 146 BCE. The difference between the Hellenic period and Classical Greece lies in the date of 323 BCE: When Alexander the Great died. As a result of Alexander’s campaigns, the Greek world was forever changed after his death in 323 BCE.

What are the three Hellenistic philosophies?

All the while, Athens continued to dominate as a philosophical learning center, with Plato’s Academy, Aristotle’s Lyceum, and four new Hellenistic schools: Cynicism, Epicureanism, Stoicism, and Skepticism.

What do these two artifacts of Hellenistic leadership have in common?

What do these two artifacts of Hellenistic leadership have in common? Both show that Hellenistic kings adapted to the cultures of the people they rule. Ptolemy is depicted using the traditional visual motifs associated with Egyptian pharaohs, while Antiochus describes himself in the traditional manner of Persian kings.

What view was shared by both Stoicism and Epicureanism?

Although Stoicism and Epicureanism were mutually antagonistic, the two schools share many beliefs and attitudes. Both are ascetic philosophies, advocating that the believer separate himself from the pressure of society and from dependence on material goods.

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What was the name of the most popular school of thought during the Hellenistic era?

Athens. What was the name of the most popular school of thought during the Hellenistic era? Stoicism.

Was Aristotle a Hellenic?

Aristotle (/ˈærɪstɒtəl/; Greek: Ἀριστοτέλης Aristotélēs, pronounced [aristotélɛːs]; 384–322 BC) was a Greek philosopher and polymath during the Classical period in Ancient Greece.

Aristotle
Education Platonic Academy
Spouse(s) Pythias
Era Ancient Greek philosophy
Region Western philosophy

What are the four schools of Greek philosophy?

The Post-Socratic philosophers established four schools of philosophy: Cynicism, Skepticism, Epicureanism, and Stoicism. The Post-Socratic philosophers focused their attention on the individual rather than on communal issues such as politics.

What is Epicurean theory?

Epicureanism argued that pleasure was the chief good in life. Hence, Epicurus advocated living in such a way as to derive the greatest amount of pleasure possible during one’s lifetime, yet doing so moderately in order to avoid the suffering incurred by overindulgence in such pleasure.

What is wrong with Epicureanism?

One problem with both Stoicism and Epicureanism is their excessive focus on the self. The good of deep and loving relationships with others carries with it an unavoidable vulnerability to pain and suffering.

What are the two types of pleasures on Epicurus view?

For Epicurus, pleasure is tied closely to satisfying one’s desires. He distinguishes between two different types of pleasure: ‘moving’ pleasures and ‘static’ pleasures. ‘Moving’ pleasures occur when one is in the process of satisfying a desire, e.g., eating a hamburger when one is hungry.

What is the difference between Epicureanism and hedonism?

341-321 BC) has often been criticized by people who believe “hedonism” to mean indulgence in bodily pleasures. Epicurean hedonism, however, is actually based on moderation and self-control. Epicureanism aims to remove unnecessary desires, true Epicureans do not take more than what they need or act out of greed.

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Was Bentham an epicurean?

Like Epicurus, Bentham was a hedonist (Gere, 2017; Moen, 2015; Scarre, 1994). He spent his life thinking about the best way to govern (Schofield, 2009). Doing so, he argues, not only entails minimizing people’s pain, but also maximizing their pleasure.

What were the basic beliefs of the Epicureans?

Epicureanism is a system of philosophy based on the teachings of Epicurus, founded around 307 B.C. It teaches that the greatest good is to seek modest pleasures in order to attain a state of tranquillity, freedom from fear (“ataraxia”) and absence from bodily pain (“aponia”).