Are there any notable works that touch on pursuing a moral good that is likely futile?

What is an example of a morally good act?

While morals tend to be driven by personal beliefs and values, there are certainly some common morals that most people agree on, such as: Always tell the truth. Do not destroy property. Have courage.

What is an example of moral reasoning?

Principles of Moral Reasoning

For example, if two people of different ethnicities ask you to hold a door open and there is no difference in the circumstances other than their ethnicity, they should get the same treatment. Either you hold the door for both of them or refuse to help both of them.

What is Nietzsche’s view on morality?

As an esoteric moralist, Nietzsche aims at freeing higher human beings from their false consciousness about morality (their false belief that this morality is good for them), not at a transformation of society at large.

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What is Hume’s moral theory?

Hume’s Moral Sense Theory. Hume claims that if reason is not responsible for our ability to distinguish moral goodness from badness, then there must be some other capacity of human beings that enables us to make moral distinctions (T 3.1. 1.4).

How will you determine if an act is morally good?

A human act is moral in so far as it is subject to reason. That which specifies a human action as morally good or bad is whatever makes an action to be the kind of act that it is, and this is determined by the object of the act. The object of a moral act is that to which the action tends by its very nature.

What does morally good mean?

MORALLY GOOD AND MORALLY RIGHT. Let us understand at the outset that by “morally good” we mean the state of possessing what is generally regarded as good character, rooted in virtue, in the broad sense of this term that embraces a variety of particular virtues such as courage, justice, temperance and the like.

What are the three types of moral reasoning?

Kohlberg identified three distinct levels of moral reasoning: preconventional, conventional, and postconventional.

Why do we need to use good moral reasoning?

Moral reasoning applies critical analysis to specific events to determine what is right or wrong, and what people ought to do in a particular situation.

What are the two important ideas on moral reasoning that you consider to be personally enlightening to you?

The first of these is moral sensitivity, which is “the ability to see an ethical dilemma, including how our actions will affect others”. The second is moral judgment, which is “the ability to reason correctly about what ‘ought’ to be done in a specific situation”.

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What is Hume’s most famous for?

David Hume, (born May 7 [April 26, Old Style], 1711, Edinburgh, Scotland—died August 25, 1776, Edinburgh), Scottish philosopher, historian, economist, and essayist known especially for his philosophical empiricism and skepticism. Hume conceived of philosophy as the inductive, experimental science of human nature.

Where does Hume think morals come from?

Hume claims that moral distinctions are not derived from reason but rather from sentiment. His rejection of ethical rationalism is at least two-fold.

What were David Hume’s beliefs?

Hume was an Empiricist, meaning he believed “causes and effects are discoverable not by reason, but by experience“. He goes on to say that, even with the perspective of the past, humanity cannot dictate future events because thoughts of the past are limited, compared to the possibilities for the future.

Why did Hume say that there is no possible true understanding of the self?

Hume argues that our concept of the self is a result of our natural habit of attributing unified existence to any collection of associated parts. This belief is natural, but there is no logical support for it.

Why is Hume important today?

Today, philosophers recognize Hume as a thoroughgoing exponent of philosophical naturalism, as a precursor of contemporary cognitive science, and as the inspiration for several of the most significant types of ethical theory developed in contemporary moral philosophy.

Does Hume believe in the soul?

Second, echoing John Locke (in chapter 27, section 14 of An Essay Concerning Human Understanding), Hume argues that even if souls are immortal, that does not mean that their continued existence ensures the survival of the persons whom they animate.

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What is Plato’s body?

Plato continues saying that, as in the body, the harmony and equilibrium of the various elements constitutes its health, similarly in the human soul, justice, as harmony of its elements, is its health. Therefore, any kind of dissolution of this harmony constitutes a psychic illness.

What are Philo’s four circumstances?

Though Philo indicates that there are many, he specifically identifies only four principles which have been experienced to produce order in our part of the universe alone: reason (that is, rational agency), instinct, generation, and vegetation.