What is relational virtue?
A relational virtue refers to excellence in relation to one’s intimates and the relationship with them. Thus, a person who has a relational virtue has proper sensitivity to those normative demands and appropriate modes of responsiveness to them.
What are the 3 types of virtue?
These are arête (excellence or virtue), phronesis (practical or moral wisdom) and eudaimonia (usually translated as happiness or flourishing). (See Annas 2011 for a short, clear, and authoritative account of all three.)
What is considered a virtue?
“Virtues” are attitudes, dispositions, or character traits that enable us to be and to act in ways that develop this potential. They enable us to pursue the ideals we have adopted. Honesty, courage, compassion, generosity, fidelity, integrity, fairness, self-control, and prudence are all examples of virtues.
Are there conflicts between virtues in virtue ethics?
There are many putative virtues, and they often appear to conflict: courage against prudence, love against fidelity. honesty against kindness, loyalty against common decency. Such conflicts raise questions about the coherence of the list of traits called virtues.
Is caring a virtue?
According to a strong virtue thesis, care is just a virtue. A strong virtue thesis exhausts the set of conceptual categories into which care falls. Care is a virtue and nothing more.
Who is considered the founder of Care Ethics?
The originator of the ethics of care (EoC) was Carol Gilligan, an American ethicist and psychologist. Gilligan was a student of developmental psychologist Lawrence Kohlberg. Gilligan developed EoC in contrast to her mentor’s theory of stages of moral development.
What is the relationship between virtue and reason?
Virtue requires the right desire and the right reason. To act from the wrong reason is to act viciously. On the other hand, the agent can try to act from the right reason, but fail because he or she has the wrong desire.
What are the problems with virtue ethics?
There are two main objections to virtue ethics as an ethical system: its vagueness and its relativism. First, virtue ethics is too vague and subjective, and does not produce explicit rules for moral conduct that can tell us how to act in specific circumstances.
What are the virtues in virtue ethics?
Discussion of what were known as the four cardinal virtues—wisdom, justice, fortitude, and temperance—can be found in Plato’s Republic. The virtues also figure prominently in Aristotle’s moral theory found in Nicomachean Ethics.
Why are the virtues important?
Virtues are important because they are the basic qualities necessary for our well being and happiness. By recognizing the importance of virtues, in our lives, it will lead to better communication, understanding and acceptance between us and our fellow man.
What is the difference between intellectual virtues and moral virtues?
The moral virtues are thought to include traits such as courage, justice, honesty, compassion, temperance, and kindness. Intellectual virtues are thought to include traits such as open-mindedness, intellectual rigour, intellectual humility, and inquisitiveness.