A soul, Aristotle says, is “the actuality of a body that has life,” where life means the capacity for self-sustenance, growth, and reproduction. If one regards a living substance as a composite of matter and form, then the soul is the form of a natural—or, as Aristotle sometimes says, organic—body.
What does Aristotle say about the soul in Nicomachean Ethics?
Aristotle first notes that since virtue is excellence of the soul, we need a rough account of the soul. He divides the soul into the following aspects or parts: Nutritive soul – This is the part responsible for nutrition and growth. It has no share in reason and is therefore not directly relevant to the virtues.
What are the parts of the soul according to Aristotle Nicomachean Ethics?
Accordingly, Aristotle said that the soul has two parts, the irrational and the rational. The irrational part in turn is composed of two subparts, the vegetative and the desiring or “appetitive” parts.
Where does Aristotle talk about the soul?
In De Anima II. 2, Aristotle begins his discussion of the different functions of souls, which leads to his account of the hierarchy of souls. (1) Nutritive soul. All living beings have “an internal potentiality and principle through which they both grow and decay in contrary directions.
What is the main idea of Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics?
What is the main idea of Nicomachean Ethics? The main idea of Aristotle’s Nichomachean Ethics is eudaimonia, sometimes translated as ‘happiness. ‘ However, a better way to think of what Aristotle meant by this Greek term is the highest good that humans seek.
What does Aristotle mean by activity of the soul ‘? Answer within the context of Aristotle’s virtue ethics?
Aristotle defines the supreme good as an activity of the rational soul in accordance with virtue. Virtue for the Greeks is equivalent to excellence. A man has virtue as a flautist, for instance, if he plays the flute well, since playing the flute is the distinctive activity of a flautist.
Why does Aristotle say that ethics Cannot be an exact science?
Why does Aristotle say that ethics cannot be an exact science? Ethics are subjective and not universal, they can change based on culture or circumstances.
What is the 3 part of the soul and how it was defined by Aristotle?
Aristotle defines the soul and explains the activities of living things by laying out three defining capacities of the soul: nutrition, perception, and intellect. He then uses these three fundamental capacities to account for further abilities such as locomotion and imagination (phantasia).
What part of the soul develops the virtues of character according to Aristotle?
Aristotle now states that the non-rational part of the soul has a virtue, known as the virtues of character (e.g. courage, temperance, goodwill, …) which are obtained when the non-rational part obeys the rational part of the soul.
What differentiates the appetitive part of the soul from the vegetative?
We can divide the soul into an irrational and a rational part. The irrational soul has two aspects: the vegetative aspect, which deals with nutrition and growth and has little connection to virtue; and the appetitive aspect, which governs our impulses.
How does Aristotle think of virtues of character?
Aristotle asserts that virtue is acquired through habituation and teaching. Its acquisition presupposes natural aptitude as well as certain goods of fortune.