Boethius, Logical Necessity, and Accidental Necessity: A Solution to Free Will and Foreknowledge?


Is foreknowledge compatible with free will?

the alleged logical relation between foreknowledge and the exercise of free will is mistaken (that is, foreknowledge is not incompatible with the exercise of free will). Historically, some theologians have tried to solve the puzzle by invoking unique properties of God.

What is the problem of divine foreknowledge and human freedom?

Short Version: In short, Plantinga is saying that God’s knowledge of what is true about the future does not necessitate our future choices. Rather, it’s the other way around. Our free choices and actions in the future necessitate what God knows to be true.

Is there free will in fatalism?

Fatalism is the thesis that human acts occur by necessity and hence are unfree. Theological fatalism is the thesis that infallible foreknowledge of a human act makes the act necessary and hence unfree.

Does divine omniscience undermine free will?

If God knows in advance how we will act, it looks as if we cannot act freely because we cannot act other than in accordance with God’s foreknowledge. Thus, it looks like God’s full omniscience and free will are incompatible.

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Do all religions believe in free will?

Religions vary greatly in their response to the standard argument against free will and thus might appeal to any number of responses to the paradox of free will, the claim that omniscience and free will are incompatible.

What is the problem of foreknowledge?

The problem of freedom and foreknowledge is the problem of reconciling our freedom to act with the claim that God knows how we will act prior to our acting. If God knows how I will act before I will, it appears that I must act in the way God predicts and therefore lack the freedom to do otherwise.

What is human freedom in philosophy?

Human freedom as a right is the inherent, essential and inalienable right of man and provides within the framework of knowledge a person possesses. Freedom can be described as a situation of behaving of people as a moral agent according to their own preferences and rational decisions.

Is free will important?

Free will is largely considered as a necessary condition for moral responsibility. O’Connor and Franklin note (with many references to literature) that “the kind of control or sense of up-to-meness involved in free will is the kind of control or sense of up-to-meness relevant to moral responsibility” [16].

What is the argument against free will?

This article is adapted from Mark Balaguer’s book “Free Will,” an MIT Press Essential Knowledge Series title. The older argument against free will is based on the assumption that determinism is true. Determinism is the view that every physical event is completely caused by prior events together with the laws of nature.

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What is free will in philosophy?

free will, in philosophy and science, the supposed power or capacity of humans to make decisions or perform actions independently of any prior event or state of the universe.

What does Schopenhauer say about free will?

Essentially, Schopenhauer claimed that as phenomenal objects appearing to a viewer, humans have absolutely no free will. They are completely determined by the way that their bodies react to stimuli and causes, and their characters react to motives.

What is the will according to Schopenhauer?

According to Schopenhauer, the will is the ‘inner essence’ of the entire world, i.e. the Kantian thing-in-itself (Ding an sich), and exists independently of the forms of the principle of sufficient reason that govern the world as representation.

Do we have free will philosophy essay?

Free Will Essay: The idea of free will is that an individual can make one’s own choices about how they act, make assumptions and have opinions in various aspects of life. In other words, one’s free will is their freedom to be self-determined.
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Why does Nietzsche reject free will?

Power of will

In Beyond Good and Evil Nietzsche criticizes the concept of free will both negatively and positively. He calls it a folly resulting from extravagant pride of man; and calls the idea a crass stupidity.

What is Nietzsche’s theory?

Nietzsche claimed the exemplary human being must craft his/her own identity through self-realization and do so without relying on anything transcending that life—such as God or a soul.

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Is Nietzsche a utilitarian?

Although Nietzsche develops the notorious distinction between master and slave morality most fully in the Genealogy, he articulates the sense in which he considers utilitarianism a form of slave morality in a revealing passage in Beyond Good and Evil.