Book or article recommendation about causality and counterfactuals


Which causal inference book you should read?

Which causal inference book you should read

  • Elements of Causal Inference.
  • Causal Inference: What If.
  • Causal Inference in Statistics: A Primer.
  • Causality.
  • Counterfactuals and Causal Inference: Methods and Principles for Social Research.
  • Mostly Harmless Econometrics.

Is causation transitive?

1 INTRODUCTION It has seemed obvious to most philosophers that causation is a transitive relation. For example, if your existence is caused by that of your parents, and if their existence is caused by that of your grandparents, how could your grandparents’ existence fail to cause yours?

What is a counterfactual in philosophy?

Counterfactual: A counterfactual assertion is a conditional whose antecedent is false and whose consequent describes how the world would have been if the antecedent had obtained.

What is it for one event to cause another?

Causality (also referred to as causation, or cause and effect) is influence by which one event, process, state, or object (a cause) contributes to the production of another event, process, state, or object (an effect) where the cause is partly responsible for the effect, and the effect is partly dependent on the cause.

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Is causal inference practical?

Today, the wide availability of machine learning and large datasets makes causal inference — done with observational data or in quasi-experiments (a research design that tests for a cause-effect relationship without randomly assigned groups) — practical in a variety of industries without having to rely on the more

Why is Judea Pearl?

The Book of Why: The New Science of Cause and Effect is a 2018 nonfiction book by computer scientist Judea Pearl and writer Dana Mackenzie. The book explores the subject of causality and causal inference from statistical and philosophical points of view for a general audience.

How do counterfactuals work?

But the counterfactuals it employs do not simply state dependences of whether one event occurs on whether another event occurs. The counterfactuals state dependences of whether, when, and how one event occurs on whether, when, and how another event occurs.

What is the theory of causation?

causation, Relation that holds between two temporally simultaneous or successive events when the first event (the cause) brings about the other (the effect).

What is the fundamental problem of causal inference?

The fundamental problem for causal inference is that, for any individual unit, we can observe only one of Y(1) or Y(0), as indicated by W; that is, we observe the value of the potential outcome under only one of the possible treatments, namely the treatment actually assigned, and the potential outcome under the other …

What are the 3 criteria for causality?

To establish causality you need to show three things–that X came before Y, that the observed relationship between X and Y didn’t happen by chance alone, and that there is nothing else that accounts for the X -> Y relationship.

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What is an example of causality?

The phenomenon is exemplified in ordinary causal transitive reasoning. When told, for example, that A causes B and that B causes C, people can infer that A causes C, or when told, for instance, that Sanding causes dust and Dust causes sneezing, they conclude that Sanding causes sneezing.

What is the problem of causality?

Hume’s question, “Why a cause is always necessary“, and the question why the same cause should always have the same effect, are examples of difficulties which have recurred throughout the history of thought.

Is causality a law?

The word causality in this context means that all effects must have specific physical causes due to fundamental interactions. Causality in this context is not associated with definitional principles such as Newton’s second law.

Is causality an illusion?

Experimental participants often overestimate the degree to which the potential cause is actually causing the outcome in null-contingency conditions. This is known as the illusion of causality (or the illusion of control in cases where the potential cause is the behavior of the participant).

Is causality the same as cause and effect?

Causality is the relation between cause and effect, and causation either the causing of something or the relation between cause and effect.

Can causality be violated?

The researchers also showed that, in certain situations, it’s possible to violate bilocal causality but not any other type of local causality. This finding further suggests that this type of violation is truly different than any standard local causality violation.

Why is it important to understand causality?

The primary assumption for any scientific research has always been that all events of the natural and intellectual world obey a firm regular connection, known as the law of causality. Any field of knowledge would cease to be scientific if it abandoned the principle of causality.

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