If something were the cause of itself, it would be prior to itself Nothing is prior to itself. A chain of causes cannot be infinite. It is pretty clear that this is a derived premise, since we get a long argument for it in the passage immediately following. A chain of causes cannot be infinite.
Can there be an infinite chain of causes?
A chain of causes cannot be infinite. to take away the cause is to take away the effect. Therefore, if there be no first cause among efficient causes, there will be no ultimate, nor any intermediate, cause.
Is infinite regress of causes possible?
The mere existence of an infinite regress by itself is not a proof for anything. So in addition to connecting the theory to a recursive principle paired with a triggering condition, the argument has to show in which way the resulting regress is vicious.
What is the problem of infinite regress?
Hence we form the habit of accepting explanations without much further examination. The fallacy of Infinite Regress occurs when this habit lulls us into accepting an explanation that turns out to be itterative, that is, the mechanism involved depends upon itself for its own explanation.
Why does Aquinas conclude that efficient causes could not extend infinitely into the past?
Why does Aquinas conclude that efficient causes could not extend infinitely into the past? There must be a cause for every effect. If we take away the cause? Then, we take away the effect.
Can a finite being define an infinite being?
From this point on, the finite was understood to be a lower level of being, one that possessed in a limited (and therefore imperfect) way some attribute or property that Infinite Being (God) posessed in an unlimited (and therefore supremely perfect) manner.
What is infinite regress example?
For example, the statement “S is true” entails the infinite regress, (1) S is true; (2) (S is true) is true; (3) «S is true) is true) is true, etc. For it is impos- sible for (1) to be true and (2) to be false; it is impossible for (2) to be true and Page 14 216 Claude Gratton (3) to be false, etc.
Does Aquinas believe in infinite regress?
Thomas Aquinas often wielded the idea of an infinite regress in his theological and philosophical treatises. In the famous Five Ways, the notion of the impossibility of a regress of events or operations plays a key role in each of the first three proofs for God’s existence.
What is an efficient cause what does Aquinas say about efficient causes?
There is an efficient cause for everything; nothing can be the efficient cause of itself. It is not possible to regress to infinity in efficient causes. To take away the cause is to take away the effect. If there be no first cause then there will be no others.
What did Aquinas mean by efficient cause?
Aquinas’ Second Way. (1) The natural world includes events that occur. “In the world of sensible things we find there is an order of efficient causes.” (By the way, when Aquinas says “efficient cause,” he just means cause. He inherited this terminology from Aristotle.)
What are the four types of causes?
They are the material cause, the formal cause, the efficient cause, and the final cause.
What are the four causes of Aquinas?
Aquinas adopts Aristotle’s doctrine of the Four Causes and couches much of his theology and philosophy in its terms. (See Chapter 2, Aristotle, Physics, p. 47.) The Four Causes are (1) material cause, (2) formal cause, (3) efficient cause, and (4) final cause.
What are the 3 main points of Aquinas theory?
Aquinas’s first three arguments—from motion, from causation, and from contingency—are types of what is called the cosmological argument for divine existence.
Does Pascal believe in God?
Pascal argues that a rational person should live as though God exists and seek to believe in God.
Analysis with decision theory.
|God exists (G)||God does not exist (¬G)|
|Belief (B)||+∞ (infinite gain)||−c (finite loss)|
|Disbelief (¬B)||−∞ (infinite loss)||+c (finite gain)|
Was Rene Descartes a physicist?
While René Descartes (1596–1650) is well-known as one of the founders of modern philosophy, his influential role in the development of modern physics has been, until the later half of the twentieth century, generally under-appreciated and under-investigated by both historians and philosophers of science.