What is the doctrine of the mean by Aristotle?
One of the most celebrated and discussed aspects of Aristotle’s Ethics is his Doctrine of the Mean, which holds that every virtue is a mean between the vicious extremes of excess and deficiency.
What is Aristotle’s doctrine of the mean quizlet?
“The doctrine of the mean” refers to Aristotle’s view that. virtue is an intermediated position between two extremes. Aristotle says that to be a just person, it is not enough to act justly.
Which of the following statements about Aristotle’s doctrine of the mean is correct?
Which of the following statements about Aristotle’s Doctrine of the Mean is correct? The mean is the exact middle point between two opposing vices. Virtues and vices exist in sets of opposing pairs. The mean between two opposing vices may be much closer to one vice than the other.
Why according to Aristotle is the mean of virtue relative to the individual and the situation?
According to Aristotle, the mean of virtue is relative to the individual and the situation. According to Aristotle, in a means/end relationship, the means is of greater value. According to Aristotle, the most appropriate form of life for humans is the life of contemplation.
What would Aristotle do?
“What Would Aristotle Do?” tends to be more attractive to those who are more “rational” about their thinking process, whereas “A Guide to Rational Living” tends to more attractive to those who are more emotive.
What did Aristotle believe in?
Aristotle’s philosophy stresses biology, instead of mathematics like Plato. He believed the world was made up of individuals (substances) occurring in fixed natural kinds (species). Each individual has built-in patterns of development, which help it grow toward becoming a fully developed individual of its kind.
How is virtue a mean explain this by using some of Aristotle’s examples?
Aristotle describes a virtue as a “mean” or “intermediate” between two extremes: one of excess and one of deficiency. 2. Example: bravery (e.g. on a battlefield) Involves how much we let fear restrict or modify our actions. Bravery is the mean or intermediate between cowardliness and rashness.
What is it that which all things aim according to Aristotle quizlet?
Good/Goodness. It is that which all things aim. Eudaimonia. Ancient Greek work which means living and doing well. Happiness.
What does the Doctrine of the Mean suggest?
The Confucian doctrine of the Mean teaches that too much is as bad as too little. The Aristotelian doctrine of the Mean coincidently articulates that there can be too much or too little of nearly every human passion and action.
How does Aristotle define virtue in terms of his theory of the golden mean illustrate by an example?
Aristotle always said the virtue is to be found between two vices each of which involves either an excess or deficiency of the true virtue an example of this would be: if you were to witness a robbery the coward does not have enough courage and thus would do nothing, the foolhardy just runs into danger regardless of …
How does Aristotle define virtue in terms of his theory of the golden mean?
According to him, happiness is synonymous with virtue. Here virtue is defined as excellence. Aristotle put forth the Doctrine of the Mean. This doctrine argues that virtue is a mean between two extremes, i.e., middle state between a vice of excess and of deficiency.
What is Aristotle’s advice of how we can attain the mean?
Aristotle defines moral virtue as a disposition to behave in the right manner and as a mean between extremes of deficiency and excess, which are vices. We learn moral virtue primarily through habit and practice rather than through reasoning and instruction.
How did Aristotle view virtue?
Aristotle explains what virtues are in some detail. They are dispositions to choose good actions and passions, informed by moral knowledge of several sorts, and motivated both by a desire for characteristic goods and by a desire to perform virtuous acts for their own sake.
How does Aristotle define moral responsibility?
According to Aristotle, moral responsibility is the notion that “it is sometimes appropriate to respond to an agent with praise or blame on the basis of her actions and/or dispositional traits of character” (Eshleman).
What are the intellectual virtues according to Aristotle?
According to Aristotle, the intellectual virtues include: scientific knowledge (episteme), artistic or technical knowledge (techne), intuitive reason (nous), practical wisdom (phronesis), and philosophic wisdom (sophia).
How does Aristotle distinguish between moral and intellectual virtue?
Aristotle (1998, pp. 28-29 [1102a14-1103 b25]) suggests that moral and intellectual virtues are developed in different ways. Intellectual virtues are developed through teaching and instruction, while moral virtues are developed through a process of habituation.