Causal Closure and God

What is the causal closure principle?

Indeed, the causal closure principle is sometimes simply formulated as the principle that all physical effects are due to physical causes or that all physical effects have physical causes which are enough to bring them about.

What is a causally closed system?

Causal closure is used to describe the nature of causality within our universe and the principle goes as follows: “all physical things can have only physical causes.” What this means is that our universe exists as a closed system where things of the physical nature such as atoms can only be influenced by other physical

Is physics causally closed?

The thesis that physics is causally closed asserts that: Every physical effect has a sufficient immediate physical cause, insofar as it has a sufficient immediate cause at all. If this thesis is true, it distinguishes physics from all other subject domains.

Why is the causal closure of the physical a challenge to substance dualism?

Physical causal closure is especially important when considering dualist theories of mind. If no physical event has a cause outside the physical realm, it would follow that non-physical mental events would be causally impotent in the physical world.

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Who created Panpsychism?

Panpsychism is the view that all things have a mind or a mind-like quality. The word itself was coined by the Italian philosopher Francesco Patrizi in the sixteenth century, and derives from the two Greek words pan (all) and psyche (soul or mind).

What is the difference between dualism and physicalism?

Physicalism is the dominant philosophical theory today. Substance dualism asserts that physical substances and mental substances both equally exist, and that neither can be reduced to the other.

Who introduces the idea of Eliminative materialism?

The term “eliminative materialism” was first introduced by James Cornman in 1968 while describing a version of physicalism endorsed by Rorty. The later Ludwig Wittgenstein was also an important inspiration for eliminativism, particularly with his attack on “private objects” as “grammatical fictions”.

What is Epiphenomenalism dualism?

Because mental events are a kind of overflow that cannot cause anything physical, yet have non-physical properties, epiphenomenalism is viewed as a form of property dualism.

Who dismisses the Cartesian dualism?


In The Concept of Mind (1949), Ryle dismisses the Cartesian view as the fallacy of “the ghost in the machine,” arguing that the mind—the ghost—is really just the intelligent behaviour of the body.

What is causal Overdetermination in philosophy?

Causal overdetermination is a species of redundant causation. Redundant causation occurs when three (or more) distinct events (c1, c2, e) satisfy the following conditions1. Lewis, “Postscripts to ‘Causation’,” Philosophical Papers: Volume II (Oxford: Oxford UP, 1986): 172–213.

What is the causal problem for dualism?

The major problem that interactionist dualism faces is that of explicating a satisfactory notion of causation according to which non-spatial events, such as mental events, can causally interact with physical events.

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What is dualism in Christianity?

In Christianity and other Abrahamic religions

Christian dualism refers to the belief that God and creation are distinct, but interrelated through an indivisible bond.

What is the subject of ontology?

Ontology is the branch of philosophy that studies concepts such as existence, being, becoming, and reality. It includes the questions of how entities are grouped into basic categories and which of these entities exist on the most fundamental level.

What is the causal exclusion argument?

Abstract. Jaegwon Kim’s causal exclusion argument says that if all physical effects have sufficient physical causes, and no physical effects are caused twice over by distinct physical and mental causes, there cannot be any irreducible mental causes.

What is the exclusion problem in philosophy?

In brief, the causal exclusion problem amounts to the difficulty of establishing the nonreductive physicalist view that behavioural effects have sufficient physical causes and distinct mental causes, over and against the plausibility of the view that the sufficient physical cause of the behaviour excludes the mental …

What is a causal interaction?

A causal interaction captures the case where the effect of the two treatments together is different from the effect of the two treatments considered separately.