Concept Formation

Concept Formation is an inductive teaching strategy that helps students form a clear understanding of a concept (or idea) through studying a small set of examples of the concept. Rationale. Concepts are the “furniture” of our minds.

What are the types of concept formation?

The formation of clear concepts, therefore, involves the three processes – generalisation, differentiation and abstraction. The greater, the wider and the richer an individual’s experience with different objects and stimuli the better is the process of formation of concepts.

What is concept formation in child development?

Concept formation begins in infancy. Through their senses of touch, smell, sight, hearing, and taste children take in information. When infants look around their environment they gain a sense of size, weight, and shape. They learn that many things are heavier than they are able to lift through their experiences.

What are characteristics of concept formation?

More specifically, the construct “concept” is defined in psychology on the basis of three attributes: psychological meaning, structure, and transferability (e.g., Eckes 1991).

How do you develop a concept formation?

Concept formation activities: Create a T-chart labeled Yes and No and ask students to sort examples and non-examples of a concept, such as a polygon. Provide students with examples of a concept and invite them to find common attributes and write their own definitions using a stem, such as, “Migration is when _____.”

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What is concept formation example?

One observes that two or more objects are alike or similar in some respects and different in other respects. For example, in acquiring the concept ‘dog’, a child may hear the word ‘dog’ over and over in different situations and learns to apply the word to any object that has the same general characteristics as a dog.

What is concept formation simple words?

concept formation, process by which a person learns to sort specific experiences into general rules or classes. With regard to action, a person picks up a particular stone or drives a specific car. With regard to thought, however, a person appears to deal with classes.

What is concept formation in cognition?

Concept Formation (Knowledge) Concept formation refers to a higher-order mental process that acts on information that has been perceived through our sensory organs and encoded and stored in memory.

What is the first step of concept formation?

Experience​: The first stage in the formation of concepts is the observation of an event, object, or experience. This can also be called the stage of becoming aware. This can be either direct or indirect.

What is the role of concept formation in our life?

Concepts also serve an important function for a range of cognitive tasks including identifying objects in the world, forming analogies, making inferences that extend knowledge beyond what is already known and conveying core elements of a theory.

What is concept formation according to Bruner?

Concept learning, also known as category learning, concept attainment, and concept formation, is defined by Bruner, Goodnow, & Austin (1967) as “the search for and listing of attributes that can be used to distinguish exemplars from non exemplars of various categories“.

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What is Vygotsky’s theory?

History of Sociocultural Theory

Sociocultural theory grew from the work of seminal psychologist Lev Vygotsky, who believed that parents, caregivers, peers, and the culture at large are responsible for developing higher-order functions. According to Vygotsky, learning has its basis in interacting with other people.

How do Bruner and Piaget’s views differ?

Although both Bruner and Piaget emphasized the social context as being important for cognitive development, [10] Bruner was more firmly placed within the framework, often referred to as social constructivism or sociocultural theory [1] [8], whereas Piaget’s orientation was towards individual thinking.