Contemporary philosophers similar to Schopenhauer

Arthur Schopenhauer, (born February 22, 1788, Danzig, Prussia [now Gdańsk, Poland]—died September 21, 1860, Frankfurt am Main [Germany]), German philosopher, often called the “philosopher of pessimism,” who was primarily important as the exponent of a metaphysical doctrine of the will in immediate reaction against …

What kind of philosopher was Schopenhauer?

Arthur Schopenhauer, (born February 22, 1788, Danzig, Prussia [now Gdańsk, Poland]—died September 21, 1860, Frankfurt am Main [Germany]), German philosopher, often called the “philosopher of pessimism,” who was primarily important as the exponent of a metaphysical doctrine of the will in immediate reaction against …

Who are the prominent philosophers in contemporary philosophy?

10 Contemporary Philosophers to Read Today

  • Martha Nussbaum (b. 1947)
  • Cornel West (b. 1952)
  • Slavoj Žižek (b. 1949)
  • Gayatri Spivak (b. 1942)
  • Judith Butler (b. 1956)
  • Gu Su (b. 1955)
  • Thomas Nagel (b. 1937)
  • John McDowell (b. 1942)

Was Nietzsche influenced by Schopenhauer?

The elder Schopenhauer (who died five years before Nietzsche even read The World as Will and Representation) had no direct contact with Nietzsche, but Schopenhauer left an indelible mark on Nietzsche. Nietzsche discovered Schopenhauer’s The World as Will and Representation in a used book store in 1865.

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What did Nietzsche think of Schopenhauer?

To Nietzsche this was the true pessimism which Schopenhauer, the famous pessimist, was not strong enough to face. “The pessimism of the energetic,” Nietzsche called it. Pessimistic because it did not minimize the perpetual suffering that humans face; energetic because it did not collapse in the face of it.

What was Nietzsche’s theory?

Nietzsche claimed the exemplary human being must craft his/her own identity through self-realization and do so without relying on anything transcending that life—such as God or a soul.

How was Schopenhauer’s philosophy similar to that of Buddha?

Arthur Schopenhauer was influenced by Indian religious texts and later claimed that Buddhism was the “best of all possible religions.” Schopenhauer’s view that “suffering is the direct and immediate object of life” and that this is driven by a “restless willing and striving” are similar to the four noble truths of the …

What are the modern contemporary philosophies?

This course is a survey of the development of modern and contemporary philosophical thought from the Renaissance to the 21st century. Topics will include secular humanism, the rise of modern science, empiricism, rationalism, idealism, pragmatism, logical positivism, existentialism, and analytic philosophy.

Who is the philosopher of modern philosophy?

Descartes is often called “the father of modern philosophy”, and understandably so. Many of the metaphysical and epistemological questions that have come to dominate philosophy since the early twentieth century are expressed, quite beautifully and some for the first time, in his works.

Who is the most famous modern philosopher?

The Most Influential Living Philosophers

  1. Kwame Anthony Appiah.
  2. Alain Badiou.
  3. Simon Blackburn.
  4. Robert Brandom.
  5. Tyler Burge.
  6. Judith Butler.
  7. Nancy Cartwright.
  8. David Chalmers.
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What is the difference between Schopenhauer and Nietzsche?

Schopenhauer considers suffering as inextricably bound up with human existence, whereas Nietzsche views suffering as a sign of weakness that is ultimately eliminable from human existence.

What is the philosophy of Schopenhauer?

Schopenhauer’s pessimism is the most well known feature of his philosophy, and he is often referred to as the philosopher of pessimism. Schopenhauer’s pessimistic vision follows from his account of the inner nature of the world as aimless blind striving.

How did Kant influence Schopenhauer?

Inspired by Plato and Kant, both of whom regarded the world as being more amenable to reason, Schopenhauer developed their philosophies into an instinct-recognizing and ultimately ascetic outlook, emphasizing that in the face of a world filled with endless strife, we ought to minimize our natural desires for the sake …

What is the function of understanding according to Schopenhauer?

Schopenhauer has shown that only due to the understanding we can know external objects, by moving the sensation in the sense organ outwards. This is its only function. So the understanding gives us many external representations, though it does not know how they are connected amongst each other.

Was Arthur Schopenhauer married?

Schopenhauer, Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, Sartre and Wittgenstein were all unmarried and childless. Marx gave up philosophy, turning to economics and politics, when his children were still young. There are exceptions. Hegel married and had children.

Does Schopenhauer believe in freedom?

Schopenhauer began by analyzing the basic concepts of freedom and self-consciousness. He asserted that there are three types of freedom; physical, intellectual, and moral (the terms were sometimes used in philosophy, as he shows in chapter four). Physical freedom is the absence of physical obstacles to actions.

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