Derrida-Searle debate – any information?


What is Searle philosophy?

Searle’s view that mental states are inherently biological implies that the perennial mind-body problem—the problem of explaining how it is possible for minds and bodies to interact—is fundamentally misconceived.

What did Jacques Derrida argue?

Derrida contends that the opposition between speech and writing is a manifestation of the “logocentrism” of Western culture—i.e., the general assumption that there is a realm of “truth” existing prior to and independent of its representation by linguistic signs.

What did Derrida believe about language?

Language has always been what Derrida calls ‘arche-writing‘. It is something that can never be reduced to presence. By using the concept of arche-writing it becomes clear that Derrida’s aim is not simply to disrupt the tradition of the phoneme by replacing it with a theory centred on the graphie instead.

Why did Derrida deconstruct Western metaphysics?

Derrida criticized the Western “metaphysics of presence” for its systematic tendency to emphasize or favour (“privilege”) concepts such as unity, identity, and totality over otherness, difference, and marginality.

What is the trace Derrida?

Deconstruction as a strategy tries to find the most surprising contradictions in texts, unravel them, and built upon this; instead of finding the truth, the closure, or the steadfast meaning, it finds absence of presence, freeplay of meanings, etc. It is this absence of presence that is described as ‘trace’ by Derrida.

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What is the importance of trace in Derrida text?

Derrida argues that meanings can be located only in these traces, which are what signs differ/defer from. Trace is the absent part of the sign’s presence. In other words, through the act of differance, a sign leaves behind a trace, which is whatever is left over after everything present has been accounted for.

What is theory of deconstruction by Derrida?

Derrida, who coined the term deconstruction, argues that in Western culture, people tend to think and express their thoughts in terms of binary oppositions (white / black, masculine / feminine, cause /effect, conscious /unconscious, presence / absence, speech writing).

What is the main point of Derrida’s theory of deconstruction?

Jacques Derrida, Positions (The Athlone Press, 1981) 41 It emphasizes the dominance of one particular way of thinking over others, and belies the idea of fixed meaning, overturning, and therefore exposing, the existence of the binary and destabilizing previously fixed categories of understanding.

Why did Derrida find the concept of center problematic?

Why did Derrida find the idea of a center problematic? He believed that it could confuse readers. He believed that having a central term was simply incorrect. The term was vague and needed clarification.

How does Derrida define center?

But, as Derrida pointed out the center is no the center, for the idea of the centered structure is just that an idea and a metaphysical one at that. The function of the imaginary center is to express a desire, a longing and a reassuring certitude that even the greatest philosophers fall victim to.

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What does Derrida say about structure?

Derrida argues that the center limits the play of the structure. In the process of signification, sign for Derrida has been always “understood and determined”. Therefore, there are two ways of erasing the difference between the signifier and the signified.