Did alchemy originate from the ancient Greeks?

The start of Western alchemy may generally be traced to ancient and Hellenistic Egypt, where the city of Alexandria was a center of alchemical knowledge, and retained its pre-eminence through most of the Greek and Roman periods.

Where does alchemy originate from?


The art of alchemy was handed down through the centuries from Egypt and Arabia to Greece and Rome, and finally to western and central Europe. The word is derived from the Arabian phrase “al-kimia,” which refers to the preparation of the Stone or Elixir by the Egyptians.

Who created alchemy?

Legend has it that the founder of Egyptian alchemy was the god Thoth, called Hermes-Thoth or Thrice-Great Hermes ( Hermes Trismegistus) by the Greeks. According to legend, he wrote what were called the forty-two Books of Knowledge, covering all fields of knowledge—including alchemy.

Who was the first to perform alchemy?

The History of Alchemy. Ancient Civilisations: c. 2000BC: The first people to experiment with science were the Egyptians and Babylonians, who applied their skills in a practical manner, without considering the theory of the processes involved.

Who invented Arab alchemy?

The most well-attested and probably the greatest Arabic alchemist was ar-Rāzī (c. 850–923/924), a Persian physician who lived in Baghdad. The most famous was Jābir ibn Ḥayyān, now believed to be a name applied to a collection of “underground writings” produced in Baghdad after the theological reaction against science.

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Who is the father of alchemy?

Jabir ibn Hayyan

Who really was Jabir ibn Hayyan? Known in Europe as Geber, this Islamic scholar of the Middle Ages is considered the father of alchemy and one of the founders or pioneers of pharmacology and modern chemistry. His figure and even his name are shrouded in mist and uncertainty, which fuel his myth.

What is Egyptian alchemy?

Alchemy was born in ancient Egypt, where the word Khem was used in reference to the fertility of the flood plains around the Nile. Egyptian beliefs in life after death, and the mummification procedures they developed, probably gave rise to rudimentary chemical knowledge and a goal of immortality.

Is alchemy allowed in Islam?

Alchemy appears as a discipline in its own right in various Islamic classifications of sciences, such as that of al-Fārābī. The subsequent development of alchemy in Islam was significant, and it is from the Latin translation of Arabic works that the medieval West owes to know of alchemy.