Did Plato’s and Aristotle’s backgrounds strongly influence their philosophies?

How did Plato influence Aristotle?

Both Aristotle and Plato believed thoughts were superior to the senses. However, whereas Plato believed the senses could fool a person, Aristotle stated that the senses were needed in order to properly determine reality. An example of this difference is the allegory of the cave, created by Plato.

What influenced Plato?

Though influenced primarily by Socrates, to the extent that Socrates is usually the main character in many of Plato’s writings, he was also influenced by Heraclitus, Parmenides, and the Pythagoreans.

What significant philosophical differences separated Plato and Aristotle?

The main difference between Plato and Aristotle philosophy is that the philosophy of Plato is more theoretical and abstract in nature, whereas the philosophy of Aristotle is more practical and experimental in nature. Plato (c. 428–c.

What was the relation between Plato and Aristotle?

For some 20 years Aristotle was Plato’s student and colleague at the Academy in Athens, an institution for philosophical, scientific, and mathematical research and teaching founded by Plato in the 380s. Although Aristotle revered his teacher, his philosophy eventually departed from Plato’s in important respects.

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What were Aristotle’s philosophies?

In his metaphysics, he claims that there must be a separate and unchanging being that is the source of all other beings. In his ethics, he holds that it is only by becoming excellent that one could achieve eudaimonia, a sort of happiness or blessedness that constitutes the best kind of human life.

What was Aristotle’s main philosophy?

Aristotle’s philosophy stresses biology, instead of mathematics like Plato. He believed the world was made up of individuals (substances) occurring in fixed natural kinds (species). Each individual has built-in patterns of development, which help it grow toward becoming a fully developed individual of its kind.

How do Plato and Aristotle differ in the views of political philosophy?

Plato with his political philosophy is aimed at transforming politics. Aristotle aims at studying the existing forms of political reality. Plato believes the policy can be changed. Aristotle believed that politics cannot be changed.

What was Plato’s philosophy?

In metaphysics Plato envisioned a systematic, rational treatment of the forms and their interrelations, starting with the most fundamental among them (the Good, or the One); in ethics and moral psychology he developed the view that the good life requires not just a certain kind of knowledge (as Socrates had suggested) …

How did Plato and Aristotle differ in their opinions on government?

How did Plato and Aristotle differ in their opinions on government? Plato believed that there should be 3 tiers in government: Philosopher-kings, warriors, and the rest of the people. … Aristotle believed that he 3 best forms of government are monarchy, aristocracy, and constitutional government.

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How did Plato and Aristotle influence the American system of government?

The philosophers Plato and Aristotle laid the principles upon which the new American nation would be based, and the Polybian interpretation of Roman government inspired the founding fathers to create a country modeled, in part, on the Roman Republic.

What did Aristotle and Plato disagree on?

He studied, catalogued, lectured, debated, and wrote about every area of human knowledge. Although Plato had been his teacher, Aristotle disagreed with much of Plato’s philosophy. Plato was an idealist, who believed that everything had an ideal form. Aristotle believed in looking at the real world and studying it.

How did Plato and Aristotle differ in their opinions on government quizlet?

How did Aristotle’s idea of government differ from Platos? Aristotle: mixed government with rule by many. Plato: government with three different distinct groups. How did Thucydides view war and politics?

How were the governments favored by Plato and Aristotle different which view makes more sense to you why?

He believed that men and women should also have equal education and access to all 3 positions. Aristotle believed that he 3 best forms of government are monarchy, aristocracy, and constitutional government. He slightly favored the third option. How did the rule of Alexander the Great affect Greek culture?

What did Aristotle and Plato Think of direct democracy quizlet?

Plato deeply distrusted democracy. Aristotle feared the democracy could lead to mob rule, although he favored stable and just rule by the many in what he called a polity. … Direct democracy, a legislative assembly of citizens, juries staffed by citizens, moral and ethical principles, equality, and the rule of law.

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