What Nietzsche did and did not read?
Although Nietzsche thought of himself as a philosopher from the early 1870s on, he rarely read any of the technical literature of philosophy. His knowledge of philosophical classics – apart from Plato – came mainly from compendia on the history of philosophy.
Does Nietzsche support slavery?
Among other things, Nietzsche’s justifications of slavery, notably his advocacy of “natural slavery”, provide us with a new perspective on his conception of human nature and psychology.
Did Nietzsche read Marx?
Such common views, how- ever, disregard Nietzsche’s strong interest in socio-economic matters and the fact that he was fairly well read in contemporary literature dealing with politi- cal economy; indeed, while he may not have read Marx’s writings directly, he knew of Marx’s economic and political theories from several …
Is Nietzsche a good philosopher?
Friedrich Nietzsche was a German philosopher who became one of the most influential of all modern thinkers. His attempts to unmask the motives that underlie traditional Western religion, morality, and philosophy deeply affected generations of theologians, philosophers, psychologists, poets, novelists, and playwrights.
Can Nietzsche read English?
(Large: 57.) If Nietzsche did tackle English it is likely to have been with the help of a dictionary. There is, so far as I know, no indication that he read or wrote the language with command or fluency.
Did Nietzsche read Descartes?
According to Itaparica, Nietzsche’s critique of Descartes seems to indicate he had misread Descartes’ cogito reasoning. Nietzsche argues that the cogitois possible only if an array of assumptions is deter- mined before the experiment.
What did Nietzsche think of slavery?
Nietzsche’s argument in “The Greek State” goes like this: Slavery is essential to a flourishing human society, one in which great cultural and artistic achievement is possible. But this slavery, especially in the form it took in ancient Greece, is tremendously bad, because of the suffering it inflicts on the slaves.
Was Nietzsche a nihilist?
Nietzsche could be categorized as a nihilist in the descriptive sense that he believed that there was no longer any real substance to traditional social, political, moral, and religious values. He denied that those values had any objective validity or that they imposed any binding obligations upon us.
Why there is no moral standard according to Nietzsche?
The claim that the world in itself has no values implies that Nietzsche rejects moral realism, which is the view that moral and other values have a reality that is independent of our opinions and preferences about them. Nietzsche denies that there are such moral facts.
What is Nietzsche best known for?
German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche is known for his writings on good and evil, the end of religion in modern society and the concept of a “super-man.”
What was originally considered bad according to Nietzsche?
In the second essay, “’Guilt,’ ‘Bad Conscience,’ and the Like,” Nietzsche suggests that our concept of guilt originally had no moral overtones, identifying a similarity in the German words for guilt and debt. A person in debt was “guilty” and the creditor could make good on the debt by punishing the debtor.
What did Friedrich Nietzsche believe?
About Friedrich Nietzsche
His philosophy is mainly referred to as “existentialism”, a famous twentieth century philosophy focusing on man’s existential situation. In his works, Nietzsche questioned the basis of good and evil. He believed that heaven was an unreal place or “the world of ideas”.
What is Nietzsche’s major issue with Christianity?
Nietzsche’s case against Christianity was that it kept people down; that it smothered them with morality and self-loathing. His ideal human is one who is free to express himself (yes, he’s sexist), like a great artist or a Viking warrior. Morality is for the little people.
Which philosopher said there is no God?
Diagoras of Melos (5th century BC): Ancient Greek poet and sophist known as the Atheist of Milos, who declared that there were no Gods.