Do academic philosophers have a special duty to challenge their government?

Why philosophers should rule?

Plato believed that philosophers would be the best rulers of society because they’re able to understand true goodness and justice in a way that other people cannot. Because they would understand that the greatest self-benefit is living virtuously, they would act out morally and not out of self-interest.

Who thought that governments should be headed by philosopher kings?

Answer. Answer: In The Republic, Plato argues that kings should become philosophers or that philosophers should become kings, or philosopher kings, as they possess a special level of knowledge, which is required to rule the Republic successfully.

What is Plato’s ideal form of government?

Plato’s ideal and just state is an aristocracy, the rule of the best. He believed leaders needed to be wise and trained in how to run a state, just as captains of ships are trained in how to run a ship. He divided his ideal state into three classes.

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What is a philosopher according to Plato?

The true philosopher (or “lover of wisdom”) is one who loves “the truth in each thing”, as opposed to those who only love the things themselves. This is a reference to Plato’s belief that all particular things are only shadows of eternal Forms.

Why should philosophers rule Socrates?

Philosophers are both morally and intellectually suited to rule: morally because it is in their nature to love truth and learning so much that they are free from the greed and lust that tempts others to abuse power and intellectually because they alone can gain full knowledge of reality, which in Books V through VII of …

What did Aristotle believe about government?

Aristotle believed democracy meant that every free-born man had the right and duty to help rule the city. Thus, both rich and poor, educated and ignorant, intelligent and dull-witted could attend the Assembly meetings, vote and hold public office. Aristotle saw danger in this form of government.

What qualities did Plato think a philosopher king should have?

Plato argues that philosopher kings should be the rulers, as all philosophers aim to discover the ideal polis. The ‘kallipolis’, or the beautiful city, is a just city where political rule depends on knowledge, which philosopher kings possess, and not power.

How did Plato and Aristotle differ in their opinions on government?

How did Plato and Aristotle differ in their opinions on government? Plato believed that there should be 3 tiers in government: Philosopher-kings, warriors, and the rest of the people. … Aristotle believed that he 3 best forms of government are monarchy, aristocracy, and constitutional government.

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Who explain the idea of philosopher king?

Plato took the idea of philosopher king from Socrates, who on the insistence of Glaucon defined a philosopher as one who loved wisdom, had a passion for knowledge, and was always curious and eager to learn.

Was Plato taught by Socrates?

Plato is widely considered a pivotal figure in the history of Ancient Greek and Western philosophy, along with his teacher, Socrates, and his most famous student, Aristotle. He has often been cited as one of the founders of Western religion and spirituality.

Why is Plato the best philosopher?

Plato is considered by many to be the most important philosopher who ever lived. He is known as the father of idealism in philosophy. His ideas were elitist, with the philosopher king the ideal ruler. Plato is perhaps best known to college students for his parable of a cave, which appears in Plato’s Republic.

What did Greek philosophers do?

Greek philosophers were “seekers and lovers of wisdom”. They studied and analyzed the world around them using logic and reason. Although we often think of philosophy as religion or “the meaning of life”, the Greek philosophers were also scientists. Many studied mathematics and physics as well.

What did philosophers do?

In a modern sense, a philosopher is an intellectual who contributes to one or more branches of philosophy, such as aesthetics, ethics, epistemology, philosophy of science, logic, metaphysics, social theory, philosophy of religion, and political philosophy.

What are the differences between the philosophies of Socrates Plato and Aristotle?

In brief, the main difference between Plato and Aristotle philosophy is that the philosophy of Plato is more theoretical and abstract in nature whereas the philosophy of Aristotle is more practical and experimental in nature.

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What were the philosophical ideas that came out of ancient Greece?

The Post-Socratic philosophers established four schools of philosophy: Cynicism, Skepticism, Epicureanism, and Stoicism. The Post-Socratic philosophers focused their attention on the individual rather than on communal issues such as politics.

What did Greek philosophers believe in?

Their metaphysics was based in materialism, which was structured by logos, reason (but also called God or fate). Their logical contributions still feature in contemporary propositional calculus. Their ethics was based on pursuing happiness, which they believed was a product of ‘living in accordance with nature’.

How does Greek philosophy influence us today?

The ideas of Greek philosophy affected Greek society helped others study/learn about science, math, and political science. They believed the human mind could understand everything. They affected today’s societies with public speaking, government, and political ideas.