Do justifiable arguments presuppose the explanations of their terms?

How can arguments be justifiable?

1. A justified argument can only be defeated by an overruled argument. 2. If an argument M cannot be defeated or can only be defeated by overruled arguments, then M is a justified argument.

Can a single argument both justify and also explain its conclusion how?

The very same claims show both that the conclusion is true and why it is true. The same passage constitutes both argument (justification) and explanation, just as Thomas maintained. This can happen because the justifying premises are also statements that are appropriate to explain the fact that is in the conclusion.

What makes something justified?

Very generally, justification is the right standing of an action, person, or attitude with respect to some standard of evaluation. For example, a person’s actions might be justified under the law, or a person might be justified before God.

What makes an action justifiable?

One way of understanding this claim is in terms of justification: a reason justifies or makes it right for someone to act in a certain way. This is why normative reasons are also called “justifying” reasons.

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What makes justification an important condition for knowledge?

To put it another way, the justification condition was meant to ensure that knowledge was based on solid evidence rather than on luck or misinformation, but Gettier-type examples seem to show that justified true belief can still involve luck and thus fall short of knowledge.

What is justified true belief according to Plato?

Plato’s justified true belief applies in the simplest cases of knowledge where knowledge is a based on a belief that is composed of a relation of the mind to some object outside of itself, and the correspondence of the belief and the subject-independent object can be checked.

Can a justification also be an explanation?

An explanation is a theory about why something happened or why we should do one thing rather than another. A justification is a story about why we are right, or probably right, to adopt one theory rather than another or one proposal for action rather than another.

What statement best describes the relation between arguments and explanations?

An argument is a rationale in which the reason presents evidence in support of a claim made in the conclusion. Its purpose is to provide a basis for believing the conclusion to be true. An explanation is a rationale in which the reason presents a cause of some fact represented by the conclusion.

Is justification the same as explanation?

A scientific explanation specifies the reason *why* some fact is the case or (or the reason why some event came about). A justification specifies someone’s good reason for believing in the truth of some claim.

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What does morally justifiable mean?

adjective. An action, situation, emotion, or idea that is justifiable is acceptable or correct because there is a good reason for it.

Is revenge ever justifiable explain?

The desire to take revenge may be justified by the incapacity of the legal system of justice to fully restore the previous situation; but we cannot appeal to justice for help; only for condonation. Revenge can never be part of the system of justice; nor can it be justified as ‘just’.

What does justifiable mean in law?

able to be made just

Justifiable means something is “able to be made just,” and you’ll hear the word often in legal contexts. “Justifiable homicide,” for instance, is killing someone in self-defense — a situation where an act that is otherwise criminal is “made just” by the circumstances.

What is this word justifiable?

adjective. capable of being justified; that can be shown to be or can be defended as being just, right, or warranted; defensible: justifiable homicide.

What does not justifiable mean?

a : not demonstrably correct or judicious : not warranted or appropriate unjustified anger an unjustified punishment. b : not spaced to be even unjustified lines of text an unjustified margin.

What does unjustifiable mean in law?

Definition of unjustifiable

: unable to be justified : not excusable or justifiable an unjustifiable decision taking an unjustifiable risk unjustifiable expenses.

Is it justifiable or unjustifiable?

You’re probably familiar with the prefix un-, which here means “not.” And justified contains just, meaning “fair.” So something that’s unjustified is not fair or not right, such as an unjustified action like damaging someone’s property or the unjustified praise for someone who has taken credit for another person’s …

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What does justification mean in social studies?

a person or persons believed to be worthy, redeemed, or absolved:Good works are logically and morally necessary, for they are nothing more or less than the evidence that one is indeed among the justified.