Does Frankfurt dissociate free will and moral responsibility?

Does Frankfurt show that moral responsibility does not depend on free will?

A link between moral responsibility and free will. Why, although Frankfurt describes his argument as one which shows that one can be morally responsible even if one could not have done otherwise, it can be also plausibly taken to show that one can act freely even if one could not have done otherwise.

What does Frankfurt say about free will?

Frankfurt states, “A person may do something in circumstances that leave [him] no alterna- tive to doing it, without these circumstances actually moving him or leading him to do it- -without them playing any role, indeed, in bringing it about that he does what he does” (160).

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How does Frankfurt define the will?

will: a first-order desire which is effective, i.e. that causes one to do what one desires to do. A desire to eat a bag of potato chips is one’s will, in Frankfurt’s sense, if that desire brings one to actually eat the bag of potato chips.

Is Frankfurt a determinist?

Frankfurt’s objection

According to this view, responsibility is compatible with determinism because responsibility does not require the freedom to do otherwise. Frankfurt’s examples involve agents who are intuitively responsible for their behavior even though they lack the freedom to act otherwise.

What do libertarians believe about free will?

Libertarians believe that free will is incompatible with causal determinism, and agents have free will. They therefore deny that causal determinism is true.

What principle does Frankfurt offer in place of the principle of alternate possibilities?

Frankfurt 1969): Principle of Alternative Possibilities (PAP): a person is morally responsible for what she has done only if she could have done otherwise. Although its precise form and interpretation have varied, this principle has enjoyed broad support in the history of philosophy.

Are we morally responsible for our actions?

In Book III of the Nichomachean Ethics, Aristotle (384–322 bce) wrote that humans are responsible for the actions they freely choose to do—i.e., for their voluntary actions.

What is the relationship between free will and determinism?

The determinist approach proposes that all behavior has a cause and is thus predictable. Free will is an illusion, and our behavior is governed by internal or external forces over which we have no control.

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Why is it important to have free will?

Similarly, we may also feel less moral responsibility for the outcomes of our actions. It may therefore be unsurprising that some studies have shown that people who believe in free will are more likely to have positive life outcomes – such as happiness, academic success and better work performance .

What is Frankfurt claim about freedom quizlet?

Frankfurt makes a distinction between freedom of action and freedom of will. Freedom of action is the freedom to do what one wants to do. Freedom of will is the freedom to want what one wants to want. Frankfurt also describes freedom of will as the conformity of one’s will to one’s second-order volitions.

What are Frankfurt type examples intended to demonstrate?

Frankfurt-type examples are intended to show that true moral responsibility is possible even if the agent has no genuine alternatives.

What revision does Frankfurt suggest for the principle of alternate possibilities and why?

As PAP is very much embedded in our moral discourse, Frankfurt offers a revised version that aims to correct PAP’s flaws. He suggests “a person is not morally responsible for what he has done if he did it only because he could not have done otherwise.”4 His argument for this revision is twofold.

What is moral responsibility example?

For example, one may have a moral obligation to help a friend, to support a parent in old age, or to minimally respect another’s autonomy as a moral agent. We can succeed in meeting, or fail to fulfil, our moral obligations.

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How can we use our free will to ensure that our actions are morally responsible?

without free will there is no moral responsibility: if moral responsibility exists, then someone is morally responsible for something he has done or for something he has left undone; to be morally responsible for some act or failure to act is at least to be able to have acted otherwise, whatever else it may involve; to

How important is free will to ethics or morality?

Free Will describes our capacity to make choices that are genuinely our own. With free will comes moral responsibility – our ownership of our good and bad deeds. That ownership indicates that if we make a choice that is good, we deserve the resulting rewards.

Is free will necessary for free action?

Even if there is a distinction between freedom of will and freedom of action, it appears that free will is necessary for the performance of free actions.