Duns Scotus’ criticism of Aristotle’s Modal Argument against self change


What did John Duns Scotus believe?

Metaphysical argument for the existence of God. Duns Scotus argued that it is better to construct a metaphysical argument for the existence of God, rather than the more common physical argument from motion favoured by Aquinas, following Aristotle.

What was John Duns Scotus known for?

The Scottish philosopher and theologian John Duns Scotus (c. 1265-1308) contributed to the development of a metaphysical system that was compatible with Christian doctrine, an epistemology that altered the 13th-century understanding of human knowledge, and a theology that stressed both divine and human will.

What was the revolutionary idea of Duns Scotus?

In his early Lectura Oxoniensis, Duns Scotus insisted that theology is not a speculative but a practical science of God and that humankind’s ultimate goal is union with the divine Trinity through love.

What is philosophically interesting about the philosophy of John Scotus?

Scotus argues that the human intellect is capable of achieving certainty in its knowledge of the truth simply by the exercise of its own natural powers, with no special divine help.

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