Fodor’s language of thought

The language of thought hypothesis (LOTH) is the hypothesis that mental representation has a linguistic structure, or in other words, that thought takes place within a mental language. The hypothesis is sometimes expressed as the claim that thoughts are sentences in the head.

What is Fodor’s theory?

Fodor’s theory is a version of semantic externalism, according to which the meaning of a concept is exhausted by its reference.

What is the meaning of language of thought?

The language of thought hypothesis (LOTH) is a foundational and yet largely empirical thesis about how thoughts (as states) and thinking (as processes) are realized in creatures with sufficiently complex minds. It postulates a language-like system of mental representations as the vehicles of thought and thinking.

What is the language of the mind called?


Often called Mentalese, the mental language resembles spoken language in several key respects: it contains words that can combine into sentences; the words and sentences are meaningful; and each sentence’s meaning depends in a systematic way upon the meanings of its component words and the way those words are combined.

Is thought constrained by language?

The formulation of thoughts, according to Whorf, is not a conscious, independent process, rather, thoughts are determined by the specific grammar and vocabulary of the language in which ideas are expressed.

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What is Fodor’s modularity theory?

Fodor argues that certain psychological processes are self contained–or modular. This is in contrast to “New look” or Modern Cognitivist positions which hold that nearly all psychological processes are interconnected, and freely exchange information.

What is language and thought in psycholinguistics?

First, the existence of language as a cognitive process affects the system of thinking. Second, thinking comes before language, and the learning of a language interacts with the conceptual process that is formed before language use. Third, each language spoken may affect the system of thinking.

Does language influence thinking?

Languages don’t limit our ability to perceive the world or to think about the world, rather, they focus our attention, and thought on specific aspects of the world. There are so many more examples of how language influences perception, like with regards to gender and describing events.

Does aphasia affect thought?

Some people with aphasia have problems understanding what others are saying. The problems occur particularly when the person is tired or in a crowded or loud environment. Aphasia does not affect thinking skills. But the person may have problems understanding written material and a hard time with handwriting.

How does language affect how we think?

This effect of framing or filtering is the main effect we can expect—regarding language—from perception and thought. Languages do not limit our ability to perceive the world or to think about the world, but they focus our perception, attention, and thought on specific aspects of the world.

How do words influence thoughts and actions?

Language influences thought and action. The words we use to describe things—to ourselves and others—affects how we and they think and act. It’s good to remind ourselves that this powerful influence happens in all kinds of situations and most certainly with language related to teaching and learning.

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How does language affect culture and thought?

The language we speak has many cultural and economic implications to the point that it can affect our thought and can even limit an individual’s worldview. Not only can language affect our perception of colors and family, but it can influence our decisions such as spending behavior.

What is the relationship between language culture and thought?

The relations among language, culture, and thought are complex. The empirical evidence from diverse domains suggests that culture affects language, language affects thought, and universally shared perception and cognition constrain the structure of language.