German philosophers on (french) revolution

Which philosophers influence the French revolution?

Three famous Philosophers in France during French revolution are Voltaire, Jean Jacques Rousseau and Montesquieu.

What did Hegel say about Napoleon?

“I saw the Emperor – this soul of the world – go out from the city to survey his reign ; it is a truly wonderful sensation to see such an individual, who, concentrating on one point while seated on a horse, stretches over the world and dominates it.”

Who was known as greatest German philosopher ever?

1. Friedrich Nietzsche (1844 – 1900) With an HPI of 91.80, Friedrich Nietzsche is the most famous German Philosopher. His biography has been translated into 156 different languages on wikipedia.

Who were the greatest German philosophers?

The greatest German philosophers, including Hegel, Arthur Schopenhauer, Heidegger, Karl Marx, and the Frankfurt School, gave us eviscerating analyses of the forces underpinning everyday life.

Who were the three philosophers of the French Revolution and what did they propose?

Among them were Voltaire , Rousseau , Montesquieu and Dederot . Their revolutionary ideas helped the people to fight for their rights . (2) They exposed the inefficiency of the monarch and and his government. (3)Voltaire’s ideas encouraged people to fight against the privileges and finance of the Church without guilt.

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What did the philosophers do in the French Revolution?

The philosophers played an important role during the French Revolution. With their revolutionary ideas, they inspired the common mass of France and prepared them to fight against injustices.

What is a Hegelian hero?

According to Hegel’s philosophy, the Hero is the unconscious embodiment and manifestation of the Spirit of Historical Progress. The Hero is, in essence, the man on whom fate has chosen to usher in the new age. In his Lectures on the Philosophy of History, the primordial hero is the purest manifestation of this reality.

What did Hegel mean by spirit?

(To define spirit any further is to take a stand on the interpretation of Hegel.) Pinkard: Spirit is the self- reflection of human thought, just as the Idea is self-reflection of thought as such. SUBLATE (aufheben). Also translated as ‘supersede’ and ‘sublimate’.

What political party was Napoleon?

During the early years of the revolution, Napoleon was largely on leave from the military and home in Corsica, where he became affiliated with the Jacobins, a pro-democracy political group.

Is Immanuel Kant German?

Immanuel Kant was a German philosopher and one of the foremost thinkers of the Enlightenment. His comprehensive and systematic work in epistemology (the theory of knowledge), ethics, and aesthetics greatly influenced all subsequent philosophy, especially the various schools of Kantianism and idealism.

What was Nietzsche’s theory?

Nietzsche claimed the exemplary human being must craft his/her own identity through self-realization and do so without relying on anything transcending that life—such as God or a soul.

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Who was the first German philosopher?


According to Hegel, Böhme is “the first German philosopher”. The reason for placing Böhme at the very beginning of German philosophy is that Hegel considers him to be a profound thinker, despite his rudimentary education.

How did Schopenhauer influence Nietzsche?

Nietzsche abandoned his former enthusiasm for Schopenhauer’s philosophy because he came to conceive of Schopenhauer’s advocacy of quietism as symptomatic of decadence, of a descending order of life that is tired and impaired and unable to enjoy and relish life in the way that alone the most physiologically and …

What type of philosophy is German philosophy?

German idealism is remarkable for its systematic treatment of all the major parts of philosophy, including logic, metaphysics and epistemology, moral and political philosophy, and aesthetics.

What was Arthur Schopenhauer philosophy?

Schopenhauer’s pessimism is the most well known feature of his philosophy, and he is often referred to as the philosopher of pessimism. Schopenhauer’s pessimistic vision follows from his account of the inner nature of the world as aimless blind striving.

Who is Arnold Schopenhauer?

Arthur Schopenhauer, (born February 22, 1788, Danzig, Prussia [now Gdańsk, Poland]—died September 21, 1860, Frankfurt am Main [Germany]), German philosopher, often called the “philosopher of pessimism,” who was primarily important as the exponent of a metaphysical doctrine of the will in immediate reaction against