Had Wittgenstein moved away from Schopenhauer by the time of the Tractatus?


How did Schopenhauer influence Wittgenstein?

Schopenhauer was the first and greatest philosophical influence on Wittgenstein, a fact attested to by those closest to him. He began by accepting Schopenhauer’s division of total reality into phenomenal and noumenal, and offered a new analysis of the phenomenal in his first book, the Tractatus Logico‐Philosophicus.

What did Wittgenstein believe?

Philosophers, Wittgenstein believed, had been misled into thinking that their subject was a kind of science, a search for theoretical explanations of the things that puzzled them: the nature of meaning, truth, mind, time, justice, and so on.

What is Wittgenstein famous for?

Wittgenstein made a major contribution to conversations on language, logic and metaphysics, but also ethics, the way that we should live in the world. He published two important books: the Tractatus Logico Philosophicus (1921) and the Philosophical Investigations (1953), for which he is best known.

What is fact according to Wittgenstein?

Facts are truths. According to Wittgenstein, facts are as equally real as objects. Promissory note: we will say some more about facts in section 3 of the handout. 1.11 The world is determined by the facts, and by these being all the facts.

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Did Wittgenstein believe in God?

The philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein did not hold religious beliefs. But he argued that when it came to his relation with people who do hold religious beliefs he was not in a marketplace of contradictory claims.

Was Wittgenstein a logical positivism?

A Circle In Vienna. Logical Positivism was a theory developed in the 1920s by the ‘Vienna Circle’, a group of philosophers centred (unsurprisingly) in Vienna. Its formulation was entirely driven by Wittgenstein’s Tractatus, which dominated analytical philosophy in the 1920s and 30s.

Did Wittgenstein reject metaphysics?

Wittgenstein is often regarded as being both positivist and behaviorist: positivist in rejecting all metaphysics, and behaviorist in denying inner human life.

When did Wittgenstein write the Tractatus?

Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus

Title page of first English-language edition, 1922
Author Ludwig Wittgenstein
Publication date 1921
Published in English Kegan Paul, 1922
Media type Print

What is state of affairs according to Wittgenstein?

Definition state of affairs/Tractatus/Schulte: combination of objects (entities, things). That things behave in a certain way, is a definition fact.

Was Wittgenstein a logician?

Wittgenstein was more of a mystic than a logician, though he tried to dress up his mysticism in what may at first glance appear to be logical garb in the Tractatus. [1] This is something the early Logical Positivist analytics of the Vienna Circle, perhaps willfully, did not understand.

Was Wittgenstein married?

Schopenhauer, Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, Sartre and Wittgenstein were all unmarried and childless. Marx gave up philosophy, turning to economics and politics, when his children were still young. There are exceptions. Hegel married and had children.

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Was Wittgenstein a Catholic?

Wittgenstein himself was baptized in a Catholic church and was given a Catholic burial, although between baptism and burial he was neither a practicing nor a believing Catholic. The Wittgenstein family was large and wealthy.

What did Wittgenstein mean by the limits of my language?

Wittgenstein’s statement refers to the belief that if one cannot describe something in words, then it does not exist.

What did Wittgenstein say about words?

In later years Wittgenstein moved away from the picture language theory and, in his Philosophical Investigations (published posthumously), he argued that words are tools that we use to play different “games”, not intended, of course, in a literal sense, but more as “patterns of intention”.