Have any philosophers argued that ad hominems are sometimes valid?

Is ad hominem ever valid?

Usually, ad hominem attacks are not valid arguments because they do not tend to draw on evidence. When ad hominem attacks give evidence, they are technically valid arguments. However, talking about a person is generally off-topic, unless the topic of discussion is a particular person and not their ideas.

Why are ad hominem arguments formally invalid?

This argument is also invalid because it does not disprove the premise. If the premise is true, then source A may be a hypocrite or even may have changed their mind, but this does not make the statement less credible from a logical perspective.

Is ad hominem a fallacy?

(Attacking the person): This fallacy occurs when, instead of addressing someone’s argument or position, you irrelevantly attack the person or some aspect of the person who is making the argument. The fallacious attack can also be direct to membership in a group or institution.

Are ad hominem attacks effective?

Ad hominem attacks have the potential to be both fallacious and effective. In regards to the first point, ad hominem attacks have been described as fallacies of argumentation when the issue of an opponent’s character is not relevant to the issue being discussed [47–49].

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What is your opinion about ad hominem?

An ad hominem argument is a personal attack against the source of an argument, rather than against the argument itself. Essentially, this means that ad hominem arguments are used to attack opposing views indirectly, by attacking the individuals or groups that support these views.

What is invalid analogy?

a type of informal fallacy or a persuasive technique in which the fact that two things are alike in one respect leads to the invalid conclusion that they must be alike in some other respect.

What is a good example of ad hominem argument?

The most common (but probably least recognized) ad hominem is the inconsistency ad hominem, where someone’s claim is being attacked based on that person being inconsistent. Examples: – “Pay no attention to her arguments against abortion. I happen to know that she had three abortions herself!”

What is an ad hominem argument examples?

A classic example of ad hominem fallacy is given below: A: “All murderers are criminals, but a thief isn’t a murderer, and so can’t be a criminal.” B: “Well, you’re a thief and a criminal, so there goes your argument.”

Why is ad hominem used?

An ad hominem argument (or argumentum ad hominem in Latin) is used to counter another argument. However, it’s based on feelings of prejudice (often irrelevant to the argument), rather than facts, reason, and logic.

Which arguments is Are appeal to authority?

Appeal to authority is a common type of fallacy, or an argument based on unsound logic. When writers or speakers use appeal to authority, they are claiming that something must be true because it is believed by someone who said to be an “authority” on the subject.

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Is ad hominem Latin?

Ad hominem literally means “to the person” in New Latin (Latin as first used in post-medieval texts). In centuries past, this adjective typically modified argument.

Is ad hominem plural?

The plural form of ad hominem is ad hominems. Find more words!

Who created logical fallacies?

philosopher Aristotle

Greek philosopher Aristotle (384 – 322 BC) was the first to systematize logical errors into a list, to make it easier to refute an opponent’s thesis and thus win an argument. Aristotle’s “Sophistical Refutations” (De Sophisticis Elenchis) identifies thirteen fallacies.

Why is straw man a fallacy?

The straw man fallacy occurs when a speaker refutes an opponent’s argument by misrepresenting that argument entirely. Instead of taking on the argument itself, the speaker constructs a “straw man” version of that argument—as weak and flimsy as a scarecrow—and knocks it down with ease.

Is Strawmanning a word?

A straw man (sometimes written as strawman) is a form of argument and an informal fallacy of having the impression of refuting an argument, whereas the real subject of the argument was not addressed or refuted, but instead replaced with a false one.

What is a Steelman?

Definitions of steelman. a worker engaged in making steel. synonyms: steelmaker, steelworker. type of: maker, shaper. a person who makes things.