In conclusion, experts in the same discipline despite being given access to the same facts can formulate different opinions due to the fact that people interpret history and facts differently from each other, as Obeyesekere interpreted differently than Sahlins, and in relation to the fact that people align themselves …
Can experts disagree on the same facts?
Scientists might also disagree over whether to count what they see as the “same” one. That is, they might argue whether their different observations equal one same fact.
Why do some experts disagree with using the scientific method?
Why do some experts disagree with using the scientific method? Some experts feel that if you have to form a hypothesis that it automatically points the investigation in a certain direction.
How is it possible that experts can come to such different conclusions?
Even if experts make judgements about precisely the same environmental criterion, they may reach different conclusions if they have access to, or make use of, different information or data. Sometimes identical data are not available to different experts for mundane reasons.
Do experts always agree?
But even if the experts did all agree about the best way to manage a particular condition, this does not necessarily mean that they are all correct – they may all be wrong. There are also dangers in relying on a consensus of experts – which has traditionally been the basis of many medical recommendations.
What happens when scientists disagree with each other?
Scientific disagreement prompts a closer look at data and can promote unexpected insights. Scientists looking at the same data can disagree profoundly in their interpretation of those data.
What it means when scientists disagree?
A competing theory might be better in another way; perhaps it can predict more accurately. Different scientists might care about one aspect more than another. As a result, they might come to disagree about which theory is better.
What is the scientific meaning of controversy?
A scientific controversy is a substantial disagreement among scientists. A scientific controversy may involve issues such as the interpretation of data, which ideas are most supported by evidence, and which ideas are most worth pursuing.
What are some limitations of the scientific method and science?
Human error – e.g. mistakes can occur in recording observations or inaccurate use of measuring instrument. Deliberately falsifying results – i.e. scientific fraud. Bias – prior confidence in the hypothesis being true/false can affect accuracy of observation and interpretation of results.
What is an example of a scientific theory?
A scientific theory is a broad explanation that is widely accepted because it is supported by a great deal of evidence. Examples of theories in physical science include Dalton’s atomic theory, Einstein’s theory of gravity, and the kinetic theory of matter.
What is the responsibility of a scientist?
Scientists are responsible for conducting and communicating scientific work with integrity, respect, fairness, trustworthiness and transparency, and for considering the consequences of new knowledge and its application.
How do scientists help us?
Scientific knowledge allows us to develop new technologies, solve practical problems, and make informed decisions — both individually and collectively. Because its products are so useful, the process of science is intertwined with those applications: New scientific knowledge may lead to new applications.
What are scientists social and ethical responsibility?
The social responsibility of scientists requires that they also attend to the foreseeable societal impacts of their work, particularly as these impacts affect the safety, health or welfare of the society.