How does one call an argument where the premises do not necessarily lead to the conclusion?

A deductive argument is said to be valid if and only if it takes a form that makes it impossible for the premises to be true and the conclusion nevertheless to be false. Otherwise, a deductive argument is said to be invalid.

What is an argument in which the premises do not justify the conclusion?

Invalid deductive argument. Deductive argument in which the conclusion does not follow the premises (does not pass the proper form test)

What do you call an argument that has false premises?

The fallacy fallacy.

False premises are a feature of informal logical fallacies in particular, which are logical fallacies that occur when there is a flaw in the premises of an argument, which renders the argument logically unsound.

What do you call an argument that is not valid?

Invalid: an argument that is not valid. We can test for invalidity by assuming that all the premises are true and seeing whether it is still possible for the conclusion to be false. If this is possible, the argument is invalid.

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Can you have an argument statement without a premise conclusion?

What is a Conclusion in an Argument. A conclusion in an argument is the statement the premises support; it indicates what the arguer is trying to prove to his audience. An argument can have only one conclusion.

Can a strong argument have false premises?

A valid argument can have false premises; and it can have a false conclusion. But if a valid argument has all true premises, then it must have a true conclusion.

Can an argument have one premise?

A premise is a statement in an argument that provides reason or support for the conclusion. There can be one or many premises in a single argument. A conclusion is a statement in an argument that indicates of what the arguer is trying to convince the reader/listener.

Can there be an argument without premises?

As “argument” is defined in the text, every argument has exactly one conclusion. As “argument” is defined in the text, some arguments may have no premises at all. According to the text, Aristotle defined truth as the correspondence of a statement or proposition with reality.

When an argument has a missing premise that premise must?

As we can see from this example, a missing premise is a premise that the argument needs in order to be as strong as possible. Typically, this means supplying the statement(s) that are needed to make the argument valid. But in addition to making the argument valid, we want to make the argument plausible.

Is it possible to construct an argument with no premises?

Terms in this set (10)

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Is it possible to construct an argument with no premises? No, since there would be nothing from which to infer a conclusion.

Do all arguments contain at least one premise?

All valid arguments have all true premises and true conclusions. All sound arguments are valid arguments. If an argument is valid, then it must have at least one true premise. Every valid argument is a sound argument.

How do you find missing premises in an argument?

To find a missing premise, you diagram the premise and the conclusion and read off what the premise must be. If the conclusion is a universal and there is a premise that yields a valid syllogism, you will have diagrammed half of the premise.

How do you identify premises and conclusions in arguments?

If it’s being offered as a reason to believe another claim, then it’s functioning as a premise. If it’s expressing the main point of the argument, what the argument is trying to persuade you to accept, then it’s the conclusion. There are words and phrases that indicate premises too.

What is hidden premise?

A hidden premise is a premise that is required in order to reach the stated conclusion, but is not itself stated clearly in the argument.