Kripke is also partly responsible for the revival of metaphysics after the decline of logical positivism, claiming necessity is a metaphysical notion distinct from the epistemic notion of a priori, and that there are necessary truths that are known a posteriori, such as that water is H2O.
What does modal mean philosophy?
A modal is an expression (like ‘necessarily’ or ‘possibly’) that is used to qualify the truth of a judgement. Modal logic is, strictly speaking, the study of the deductive behavior of the expressions ‘it is necessary that’ and ‘it is possible that’.
What is primitive modality?
Extentvii, 140 p. DescriptionModal primitivism is the view that there are modal features of the world which cannot be reduced to the non-modal. Theories which embrace primitive modality are often rejected for reasons of ideological simplicity: the fewer primitive notions a theory invokes, the better.
What is possible worlds in philosophy?
A possible world is a complete and consistent way the world is or could have been. Possible worlds are widely used as a formal device in logic, philosophy, and linguistics in order to provide a semantics for intensional and modal logic.
Is Kripke a modal realist?
Saul Kripke described modal realism as “totally misguided”, “wrong”, and “objectionable”. Kripke argued that possible worlds were not like distant countries out there to be discovered; rather, we stipulate what is true according to them.
What is contingent truth?
A contingent truth is one that is true, but could have been false. A necessary truth is one that must be true; a contingent truth is one that is true as it happens, or as things are, but that did not have to be true. In Leibniz’s phrase, a necessary truth is true in all possible worlds.
Is Kripke still alive?
Kripke also created the post-apocalyptic drama series Revolution (2012–2014) and co-created the science fiction series Timeless (2016–2018).
|Born||1974 (age 47–48)|
|Alma mater||University of Southern California|
|Occupation||Writer television producer|
|Notable work||Supernatural The Boys|
Where is Saul Kripke?
Bay Shore, New York, U.S. Saul Aaron Kripke (/ˈkrɪpki/; born November 13, 1940) is an American philosopher and logician in the analytic tradition. He is a Distinguished Professor of Philosophy at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York and emeritus professor at Princeton University.
Are names rigid designators?
Kripke says that a rigid designator is a word that picks out the same thing in all possible worlds in which it designates at all. Examples of rigid designators include proper names and names of proper types.
What is Kripke’s modal argument?
The third, and final, type of argument used by Kripke against description theories of names is the modal argument. This argument is based on the observation that the modal pro- file of sentences containing names often differs from the modal profile of corre- sponding sentences containing descriptions.
What is a designator?
Noun. designator (plural designators) A person who, or term that, designates. (historical, Roman antiquity) An officer who assigned to each his rank and place in public shows and ceremonies.
What rigidity means?
: the quality or state of being rigid: as. a : abnormal stiffness of muscle muscle rigidity symptomatic of Parkinson’s disease— Diane Gershon. b : emotional inflexibility and resistance to change.
What causes mental rigidity?
The theory proposed that it is caused by a greater “stiffness” or impermeability between inner-personal regions of individuals, which influence behavior. Rigidity was particularly explored in Lewin’s views regarding the degree of differentiation among children.
What does rigidity mean in psychology?
n. 1. stiffness or inflexibility, particularly muscular rigidity. 2. a personality trait characterized by strong resistance to changing one’s behavior, opinions, or attitudes or by the inability to do this.