How philosophers reason about closeness of one theory to the other theory (approximation, learnability, discovery of theory)?


What did the philosophies of Aristotle and Plato have in common How did they differ?

Both Aristotle and Plato believed thoughts were superior to the senses. However, whereas Plato believed the senses could fool a person, Aristotle stated that the senses were needed in order to properly determine reality. An example of this difference is the allegory of the cave, created by Plato.

What are the 3 philosophical theories?

THREE MAJOR AREAS OF PHILOSOPHY. Theory of Reality : Ontology & Metaphysics. Theory of Knowledge: Epistemology–from episteme and logos. Theory of Value: Axiology–from the Greek axios (worth, value) and logos.

What are the philosophies of Aristotle?

Everyone must do philosophy, Aristotle claims, because even arguing against the practice of philosophy is itself a form of philosophizing. The best form of philosophy is the contemplation of the universe of nature; it is for this purpose that God made human beings and gave them a godlike intellect.

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What philosophers say about education?

Education is not preparation for life; education is life itself. Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.

How did Aristotle differ from Socrates and Plato?

While Plato, in his masterpiece of ‘the Republic,’ portrays a deterministic, or fatalistic, disposition of Socrates, Aristotle demonstrated his reservation for non-determinism to explore ‘freedom of choice’, ir not ‘free will’, for political actions in shaping the future.

How do Plato and Aristotle’s ideas about art differ?

While Plato condemns art because it is in effect a copy of a copy – since reality is imitation of the Forms and art is then imitation of reality – Aristotle defends art by saying that in the appreciation of art the viewer receives a certain “cognitive value” from the experience (Stumpf, p 99).

What is theory according to philosophers?

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. A philosophical theory or philosophical position is a view that attempts to explain or account for a particular problem in philosophy. The use of the term “theory” is a statement of colloquial English and not reflective of the term theory.

Who is Socrates philosophy?

Who was Socrates? Socrates was an ancient Greek philosopher, one of the three greatest figures of the ancient period of Western philosophy (the others were Plato and Aristotle), who lived in Athens in the 5th century BCE.

What is the best philosophical theory?

9 Philosophical Theories That Will Help You Be Okay With The…

  1. The Big Freeze. Sadly doesn’t involve ice cream. …
  2. Solipsism. Solipsism suggests that nothing exists but our own consciousness. …
  3. Idealism. …
  4. Plato’s Cave. …
  5. Presentism. …
  6. Eternalism. …
  7. The Brain In A Jar. …
  8. The Multiverse Theory.
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What is Socrates philosophy of education?

Socrates has long been considered the father of modern education. He believed that as self-learners we must first admit to our ignorance and realise that there is a world of knowledge ready to be accessed, but only once we can accept that we don’t already know everything.

What is the relationship between philosophy and philosophy of education?

Education can be called as the dynamic side of philosophy because philosophy is wisdom; education transmits that wisdom from one generation to the other. Education is the application of the fundamental principles of philosophy. Philosophy gives ideals, values and principles.

What were the views of great philosopher Aristotle regarding education?

Aristotle believed that education was central – the fulfilled person was an educated person. His work is a testament to the belief that our thinking and practice as educators must be infused with a clear philosophy of life. There has to be a deep concern for the ethical and political.

Why does the study of philosophy necessary for a teacher?

By learning philosophy, a teacher would be able to view and analyze from the perspective of their students. Apart from understanding why students are behaving in a particular way, teachers would also be able to know how students perceive their actions.

How did Aristotle influence education?

Aristotle believed the purpose of school was to develop and exercise students’ potential for reasoning, form ethical character, and provide a skill and knowledge base. He thought the purpose of schooling was to develop dispositions and habits that exercise reason and forming a human’s ethos.

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Where does Aristotle’s philosophy aims?

Aristotle’s classification of the sciences makes a distinction between theoretical philosophy, which aims at contemplation, and practical philosophy, which aims at action or production.

Why is Aristotle your favorite philosopher?

Aristotle became very famous for various reasons. One reason is that he was a very important thinker of politics, ethics, phycology, etc. Today, he is still considered as one of the greatest thinkers in these areas. Another reason is that he invented science and zoology.

What is reason according to Aristotle?

Aristotle famously described reason (with language) as a part of human nature, which means that it is best for humans to live “politically” meaning in communities of about the size and type of a small city state (polis in Greek).