Kierkegaard is defined as the psychological problem of choice and the metaphysical essence of evil that experiences fear of good. Evil is afraid of good because it defines it as something that encroaches on the essence of evil – unfreedom. People are afraid of their knowledge of lack of freedom and loss of faith.
What does Kierkegaard mean by the demonic?
Kierkegaard and the Definition of the Demonic. The concept of the demonic, for Kierkegaard, is inseparable from the question of communication, for the demonic can be provisionally defined as that which can communicate itself only indirectly.
What did Kierkegaard believe?
For his emphasis on individual existence—particularly religious existence—as a constant process of becoming and for his invocation of the associated concepts of authenticity, commitment, responsibility, anxiety, and dread, Søren Kierkegaard is generally considered the father of existentialism.
What was Kierkegaard’s view about what makes a person most human?
Kierkegaard argued that one is responsible for whatever one was and that self-conscious choice and commitment were the factors that made a person most human. Most contemporary philosophers believe in soft determinism, the view that human freedom and determinism are compatible positions.
What is Kierkegaard’s paradox of faith?
Kierkegaard defines faith as “paradox” by which “the particular is higher than the universal.” This paradox leads Abraham, by virtue of the absurd, to the plane of faith. Rejecting Hegel’s universalism, Kierkegaard posits the existence of a religious plane that surpasses universal ethics.
Was Kierkegaard a Fideist?
Historically, fideism is most commonly ascribed to four philosophers: Blaise Pascal, Søren Kierkegaard, William James, and Ludwig Wittgenstein; with fideism being a label applied in a negative sense by their opponents, but which is not always supported by their own ideas and works or followers.
What is demonic despair?
Demonic despair in The Sickness unto Death. In The Sickness unto Death, demonic despair is first based on the attempt to create oneself, something that contradicts facticity.
What was Kierkegaard famous for?
In addition to being dubbed “the father of existentialism,” Kierkegaard is best known as a trenchant critic of Hegel and Hegelianism and for his invention or elaboration of a host of philosophical, psychological, literary and theological categories, including: anxiety, despair, melancholy, repetition, inwardness, irony …
What are Kierkegaard’s 3 ways of living your life?
In the pseudonymous works of Kierkegaard’s first literary period, three stages on life’s way, or three spheres of existence, are distinguished: the aesthetic, the ethical, and the religious.
What did Kierkegaard teach?
Kierkegaard’s theological work focuses on Christian ethics, the institution of the Church, the differences between purely objective proofs of Christianity, the infinite qualitative distinction between man and God, and the individual’s subjective relationship to the God-Man Jesus the Christ, which came through faith.
How does Kierkegaard describe the tragic hero?
The ethical counterpart to the religious knight of faith. The tragic hero gives himself over completely to the universal, and is willing to make the movement of infinite resignation, giving up what he values most, for the sake of the universal.
How does Kierkegaard define ethics?
In other words, for Kierkegaard, what we take to be “the ethical” collapses into the aesthetic, a life perspective that has happiness and self-fulfilment as its god-terms, in contrast to faith and sin, the poles that mark out the religious standpoint.
What is the knight of faith Kierkegaard?
The knight of faith is the individual who is able to gracefully embrace life: Kierkegaard put it this way in Either/Or, “When around one everything has become silent, solemn as a clear, starlit night, when the soul comes to be alone in the whole world, then before one there appears, not an extraordinary human being, …
What is a spiritual trial Kierkegaard?
Spiritual trial is indeed ‘spiritual’ – it is possible only in someone who is not utterly spiritless as Kierkegaard means the word – but it is not true, as Kierkegaard’s pseudonyms occasionally maintain, that it makes sense only as a religious category, unless religious is redefined in radically general terms, as …