“Idea of Power” – Locke and Hume

In both Hume’s and Locke’s accounts, the idea of power is a product of a prediction, and for both this prediction is based on what the mind, in Locke’s phrase, “has constantly observed to have been.” For Hume this process does not involve reasoning: when properly conditioned, the imagination produces the prediction in …

What does Locke say a power is?

John Locke defined political power as “a right of making laws with penalties of death, and consequently all less Penalties” (Two Treatises 2.3). Locke’s theory of punishment is thus central to his view of politics and part of what he considered innovative about his political philosophy.

What is Locke’s understanding of substance power and God?

In a passage from Locke’s Correspondence with Bishop Stillingfleet Locke says this: The idea of matter is an extended solid substance; wherever there is such a substance, there is matter; and the essence of matter, whatever other qualities, not contained in that essence, it shall please God to superadd to it.

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What is Hume’s theory?

According to Hume’s theory of the mind, the passions (what we today would call emotions, feelings, and desires) are impressions rather than ideas (original, vivid and lively perceptions that are not copied from other perceptions).

How does David Hume explain his idea about self does impression and idea the same Why or why not?

a.

Hume thinks that each of our ideas is either copied from a simple impression (per the Copy Principle), or is built up entirely from simple ideas that are so copied. If our minds could not reproduce our simple impressions, by forming simple ideas copied from them, then we could not form any ideas at all.

What does Locke mean by a simple idea?

Simple ideas are the elements of thought we passively receive through sensation and reflection. According to Locke, Simple Ideas mostly agree with things, since “the mind . . . can by no means make to itself any simple ideas. these being all the products of things operating on the mind in a natural way.”

What is the concept of self according to David Hume?

To Hume, the self is “that to which our several impressions and ideas are supposed to have a reference… If any impression gives rise to the idea of self, that impression must continue invariably the same through the whole course of our lives, since self is supposed to exist after that manner.

How does John Locke explain the relation between the mind and the body?

John Locke holds that personal identity is a matter of psychological continuity. He considered personal identity (or the self) to be founded on consciousness (viz. memory), and not on the substance of either the soul or the body.

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What is the relationship according to Hume between impressions and ideas?

David Hume’s philosophy is entirely based on this principle that experience causes our ideas : hence Hume is a empiricist. Hume differentiates between impressions or the immediate result of the experience and ideas, or the result of impressions.

What did David Hume believe about ideas quizlet?

Hume believes that all meaningful ideas come from what? All meaningful ideas come from sense impressions. 1. Nearly impossible to come up with an idea that isn’t from sense impressions.

What are Hume’s two proofs for his thesis about ideas and impressions?

Hume advances two important universal theses about ideas. First, every simple idea is a copy of an impression of inner or outer sense. Second, every complex idea is a bundle or assemblage of simple ideas, i.e., complex ideas are structured ensembles of simple ideas.

What is the function of reason according to Hume?

Reason can only serve the ends determined by our passions. As Hume explains in another well-known quote “Reason is, and ought only to be the slave of the passions” (T 2.3. 3.4). Reason and passion have fundamentally different functions and, thus, cannot encroach upon one another.

What for Hume is the apparent or phenomenal difference between impressions and ideas?

Hume begins by noting the difference between impressions and ideas. Impressions come through our senses, emotions, and other mental phenomena, whereas ideas are thoughts, beliefs, or memories that we connect to our impressions.