Interpretations and objections to Plato’s “cyclical argument” in Phaedo


What is the cyclical argument Phaedo?

The Cyclical Argument, or Opposites Argument explains that Forms are eternal and unchanging, and as the soul always brings life, then it must not die, and is necessarily “imperishable”. As the body is mortal and is subject to physical death, the soul must be its indestructible opposite.

What does Plato argue in Phaedo?

The Phaedo gives us four different arguments for the immortality of the soul: The Argument from Opposites, the Theory of Recollection, the Argument from Affinity, and the final argument, given as a response to Cebes’ objection. Plato does not seem to place equal weight on all four of these arguments.

How does Plato divide us in Phaedo?

In the Republic, for instance, Plato suggests that the soul is divided into three parts: reason, appetite, and spirit, or will. In this view, it would seem that the soul is divisible into three parts.)

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What are Plato’s arguments for the immortality of the soul?

Plato believed that the body and the soul were two separate entities, the body being mortal and the soul being immortal. In Plato’s phaedo, this is further explained by Socrates. He claims that by living a philosophical life, we are able to eventually free the soul from the body and its needs.

What is the significance of Phaedo?

a philosophical dialogue (4th century b.c.) by Plato, purporting to describe the death of Socrates, dealing with the immortality of the soul, and setting forth the theory of Ideas.

Was Phaedo a real person?

Phaedo, , also spelled Phaedon, (born c. 417 bc, Elis, in the Peloponnesus [Greece]), philosopher, founder of a Socratic school of philosophy at Elis on the Peloponnese, and author of works on dialectics and ethics.

Which argument is provided in the Phaedo in support of the Theory of recollection?

The Theory of Recollection shows that the soul existed before birth, and the Argument from Opposites shows that it must have been born from out of death. Bearing in mind that the soul has to be re-born after it dies, Simmias and Cebes are forced to acknowledge that it must continue to exist after death.

How does Socrates define death in the Phaedo quizlet?

Death and philosophy according to Socrates is the separation of the soul from the body. We shouldn’t fear death because philosophers prepare their whole lives for it.

What reason does Phaedo recount from their past conversation for thinking Simmias can be both tall and short at the same time?

What reason does Phaedo recount (from their past conversation) for thinking Simmias can be both tall and short at the same time? Simmias isn’t the pure concept Tallness but instead a mixture of tallness and shortness. Why is it important not to get too focused on whether or not the boy understood the math problem?

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What does Plato argue about the soul?

Plato said that even after death, the soul exists and is able to think. He believed that as bodies die, the soul is continually reborn (metempsychosis) in subsequent bodies.

What does Plato believe about the soul?

Plato believed the soul was eternal. It exists prior to the body. He asserted that upon physical death of the body, the soul moves onto another body. Building on this belief, he called the body the prison of the soul.

What is Plato’s final argument?

With these preliminaries in mind, it is now possible to formalise Plato’s final argument for the immortality of the soul. The final argument (FA) can be summarised as follows: The thing that makes the body alive when present is the soul, so the soul brings life to whatever it occupies.

How does Socrates define death in the Phaedo?

Death, Socrates explains, is the separation of the soul from the body.

Is the soul immortal phaedo?

The soul, then, is immortal, although this immortality may take very different forms.