Is one rationally justified in assuming a dominant philosophical position that one has some reasons to doubt?


What does rationally justifiable mean?

1 using reason or logic in thinking out a problem. 2 in accordance with the principles of logic or reason; reasonable.

What makes something philosophically justifiable?

Philosophers tend to agree that any adequate account of epistemic justification—that is, an account that resolves the dilemma—must do at least three things: (1) explain how a belief comes to be justified for a person, (2) explain what role justification plays in our belief systems, and (3) explain what makes …

Does philosophy rely on rational argumentation?

In Western academic philosophy, there is at work in it a strong purist assumption: the notion that philosophy is reducible to a purely logical exercise, conducted strictly by the rules of rational argumentation and debate: whatever is not translatable into argument is irrelevant.

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What is the relationship between philosophy and rationality?

Philosophy treats rationality because it is the most important normative concept besides morality. Understanding how a person should conduct her or his life requires a thorough understanding of rationality. Being a rational person requires being sufficiently rational in the various aspects of one’s life.

What is justified true belief according to Plato?

Plato’s justified true belief applies in the simplest cases of knowledge where knowledge is a based on a belief that is composed of a relation of the mind to some object outside of itself, and the correspondence of the belief and the subject-independent object can be checked.

What is the justified true belief theory of knowledge?

The analysis is generally called the justified-true-belief form of analysis of knowledge (or, for short, JTB). For instance, your knowing that you are a person would be your believing (as you do) that you are one, along with this belief’s being true (as it is) and its resting (as it does) upon much good evidence.

What makes an action justifiable?

One way of understanding this claim is in terms of justification: a reason justifies or makes it right for someone to act in a certain way. This is why normative reasons are also called “justifying” reasons.

What is a belief in philosophy?

A belief is an attitude that something is the case, or that some proposition about the world is true. In epistemology, philosophers use the term “belief” to refer to attitudes about the world which can be either true or false.

What is wisdom according to philosophers?

Theoretical, or philosophical wisdom, is, according to Aristotle, “scientific knowledge, combined with intuitive reason, of the things that are highest by nature (Nicomachean Ethics, VI, 1141b).

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How do the rationalist and empiricist approach to knowledge differ?

Both these schools of thought are concerned with the source of knowledge and justification. The main difference between rationalism and empiricism is that rationalism considers reason as the source of knowledge whereas empiricism considers experience as the source of knowledge.

Why is being rational important?

Errol Lord’s The Importance of Being Rational is a systematic defense of ‘Reasons Responsiveness’ (RR), the thesis that being rational consists in responding correctly to the objective normative reasons you possess—where these are understood as the facts you are in a position to both know and use as reasons for what …

What is rationality in decision making?

What is Rational Decision Making? Rational decision making leverages objective data, logic, and analysis instead of subjectivity and intuition to help solve a problem or achieve a goal. It’s a step-by-step model that helps you identify a problem, pick a solution between multiple alternatives, and find an answer.

What are the factors that leads to bounded rationality and satisficing decisions?

According to bounded rationality, we make suboptimal decisions due to three factors – cognitive limitations, imperfect information, and time constraints. When faced with complex choices, consumers may opt to ‘satisfice’ instead of spending time and effort analyzing the situation – leading to a sub-optimal choice.

Which of the following is an assumption of rationality to rational decision-making?

Answer: The rational decision-making is preferences are clear, the final choice will maximize payoff, the problem is clear and umamhiguous. The correct answer is option d.

What are the advantages of rational decision-making?

The rational model allows for an objective approach that’s based on scientifically obtained data to reach informed decisions. This reduces the chance of errors and assumptions. It also helps to minimise the manager’s emotions which might have resulted in poor judgments in the past.

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How rational decision-making model helps an organization in making effective decisions?

The goal of the rational decision making model is to eliminate possibilities for error and biases. It assumes the following: Managers have all the information about the situation. Managers are aware of all alternative options and are equipped to evaluate them properly.

Why is rational choice theory important?

Rational choice theory can be helpful in understanding individual and collective behaviors. It helps to pinpoint why people, groups and society as a whole move toward certain choices, based on specific costs and rewards. Rational choice theory also helps to explain seemingly “irrational” behavior.