## Is failing to reject the null the same as accepting the null?

Failing to Reject vs.

However, if the data does not support the alternative hypothesis, this does not mean that the null hypothesis is true. All it means is that the null hypothesis has not been disproven—hence the term “failure to reject.” **A “failure to reject” a hypothesis should not be confused with acceptance**.

## Does rejecting the null hypothesis means accepting the alternative hypothesis?

Rejecting or failing to reject the null hypothesis

If our statistical analysis shows that the significance level is below the cut-off value we have set (e.g., either 0.05 or 0.01), we reject the null hypothesis and accept the alternative hypothesis.

## Do you reject or fail to reject the null hypothesis?

**When your p-value is greater than your significance level, you fail to reject the null hypothesis**. Your results are not significant.

## What does it mean to reject a null hypothesis?

Rejecting the Null Hypothesis

Reject the null hypothesis **when the p-value is less than or equal to your significance level**. Your sample data favor the alternative hypothesis, which suggests that the effect exists in the population.

## Does fail to reject mean do not reject?

The goal of hypothesis testing is to see if there is enough evidence against the null hypothesis. In other words, to see if there is enough evidence to reject the null hypothesis. **If there is not enough evidence, then we fail to reject the null hypothesis.**

## How do you accept or reject a hypothesis?

Set the significance level, , the probability of making a Type I error to be small — 0.01, 0.05, or 0.10. Compare the P-value to . **If the P-value is less than (or equal to) , reject the null hypothesis in favor of the alternative hypothesis**. If the P-value is greater than , do not reject the null hypothesis.

## Which of the following terms refers to not rejecting the null hypothesis when it is false?

A type II error is also known as a **false negative** and occurs when a researcher fails to reject a null hypothesis which is really false.

## When the null hypothesis is rejected Which of the following is true?

**If there is less than a 5% chance of a result as extreme as the sample result** if the null hypothesis were true, then the null hypothesis is rejected. When this happens, the result is said to be statistically significant .

## How do we know when to reject Ho or accept Ho?

Remember that the decision to reject the null hypothesis (H _{}) or fail to reject it can be based on the p-value and your chosen significance level (also called α). **If the p-value is less than or equal to α, you reject H _{}**; if it is greater than α, you fail to reject H

_{}.

## What is the rejection region?

A critical region, also known as the rejection region, is **a set of values for the test statistic for which the null hypothesis is rejected**. i.e. if the observed test statistic is in the critical region then we reject the null hypothesis and accept the alternative hypothesis.