Is there a flaw in my construction of Descartes’ argument?


What is the problem with Descartes?

In the end, the main difficulty with Descartes’ real distinction argument is that he has not adequately eliminated the possibility of minds being extended things like brains.

What is the problem with Descartes Cogito?

The problem of the solipsistic argument of the cogito is that nothing more exists outside the self’s being a thinking thing. It only proves the existence of oneself insofar as the thinking I is concerned, and does not prove the idea and the existence of other things other than the self.

What is an argument against Descartes dualism?

76-90 of the selection you read) a distinct argument against dualism, which tries to show that causation only makes sense if the causal relations in question hold between two things located in space. The problem he discusses for dualism is called the ‘pairing problem.

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How does Descartes prove that God is not a deceiver?

An act of deception is an act of falsity, and falsity deals with what is not. Thus, by Descartes’ reasoning, God cannot be a deceiver since he is supremely real and does not participate in any way in nothingness.

What is Descartes theory?

Descartes argued the theory of innate knowledge and that all humans were born with knowledge through the higher power of God. It was this theory of innate knowledge that was later combated by philosopher John Locke (1632–1704), an empiricist. Empiricism holds that all knowledge is acquired through experience.

Why does Descartes doubt his senses?

Abstract. Descartes first invokes the errors of the senses in the Meditations to generate doubt; he suggests that because the senses sometimes deceive, we have reason not to trust them.

Is I think, therefore I am an argument?

“I think, therefore I am” This is Descartes’ famous Cogito argument: Cogito Ergo Sum. This short animation explains how he came to this conclusion of certainty when surrounded by uncertainty and doubt.

Is the Cogito argument valid?

Descartes’s “cogito” can be false, because there are conceivable and logically possible situations where there exists thought and no Self.

What is Descartes most famous for?

What is René Descartes known for? René Descartes is most commonly known for his philosophical statement, “I think, therefore I am” (originally in French, but best known by its Latin translation: “Cogito, ergo sum”).

What is truth for Descartes?

Descartes believes he has discovered not only the first philosophical truth, but also the foolproof way for avoiding false certainty: keeping our will within the limits of our intellect (i.e. understanding). This, indeed, was Descartes’ goal at the beginning of his investigation.

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How does Descartes argue for the existence of God in the 3rd meditation?

Descartes’ First Proof of the Existence of God in Meditation III: Axiom: There is at least as much reality in the efficient and total cause as in the effect of that cause. Axiom: Something cannot arise from nothing. Axiom: What is more perfect cannot arise from what is less perfect.

Which kind of idea does Descartes think the idea of God is?

The idea of God represents something to the mind (it represents an infinite substance), and in line with traditional theological doctrine, supposing that God is non-spatial and non-temporal, the idea cannot be understood as being a visual image of God.

How did Descartes prove God exists?

In the Fifth Meditation and elsewhere Descartes says that God’s existence follows from the fact that existence is contained in the “true and immutable essence, nature, or form” of a supremely perfect being, just as it follows from the essence of a triangle that its angles equal two right angles.

What is Descartes conclusion?

“By studying the idea of God, Descartes comes to the conclusion that ‘he cannot be a deceiver, since the light of nature teaches us that fraud and deception necessarily proceed from some defect. ‘ From this principle he later proves the validity of mathematics and the external world.”

How does Descartes argue that the external world exists?

Descartes goes on to show that the things in the external world are material by arguing that since God would not deceive him as to the ideas that are being transmitted, and that God has given him the “propensity” to believe that such ideas are caused by material things.

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Why does Descartes claim that he knows for certain clearly and distinctly that he exists?

In meditation III, Descartes says he can be certain that perception and imagination exist, because they exist in his mind as “modes of consciousness,” but he can never be sure whether what he perceives or imagines has any basis in truth. He then expands on his argument for the existence of God from the Discourse.