Is there an ethical philosophy which equates innocence with being uninvolved?


What are the 4 ethical philosophies?

Four broad categories of ethical theory include deontology, utilitarianism, rights, and virtues. The deontological class of ethical theories states that people should adhere to their obliga- tions and duties when engaged in decision making when ethics are in play.

What are the 3 ethical philosophies?

There are generally three philosophical approaches, or what may be considered the science, to ethical reasoning: utilitarian ethics. deontological ethics. virtue ethics.

What are the 6 ethical philosophies?

When asked what values people hold dear, what values they wish to be known by, and what values they wish others would exhibit in their actions, six values consistently turn up: (1) trustworthiness, (2) respect, (3) responsibility, (4) fairness, (5) caring, and (6) citizenship.

What is Socrates ethical theory?

The ultimate aim of Socrates’ philosophical method is always ethical. Socrates believed that if one knows what the good is, one will always do what is good. Thus if one truly understands the meaning of courage, self-control, or justice, one will act in a courageous, self-controlled and just manner.

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What are the 5 ethical perspectives?

Several ethical perspectives have been around for centuries, including utilitarianism, natural law, consideration of rights and justice, virtue ethics, and the idea of social contract. Whatever perspective is used – or promoted within an organization – will ultimately shape how ethical decisions are reached.

What are five theories of ethics?

This note outlines some of the basic terms used in the study of ethics and describes the task of business ethics. Most important, the text describes five theories of moral reasoning-utilitarianism, rule-based morality, a rights approach, a contemporary Aristotelian approach to virtuous character, and social justice.

What are the different moral ethical theories?

There are a number of moral theories: utilitarianism, Kantianism, virtue theory, the four principles approach and casuistry.

What are the 8 ethical theories?

‘ The following chapters analyse the answers provided by eight different theories of ethics: egoism, hedonism, naturalism and virtue theory, existentialism, Kantianism, utilitarianism, contractualism and religion.

What are examples of ethical decisions?

Ethical behavior suggests someone is honest and forthright in communications whether written or oral. A salesperson explaining potential problems with a product is being honest. A customer service representative taking responsibility for failing to follow through with a service action is making an ethical decision.

What is Aristotle’s ethical theory?

Aristotle’s ethics, or study of character, is built around the premise that people should achieve an excellent character (a virtuous character, “ethikē aretē” in Greek) as a pre-condition for attaining happiness or well-being (eudaimonia).

What is ethics for Plato?

For Plato, ethics comes down to two basic things: eudaimonia and arete. Eudaimonia, or “well being,” is the virtue that Plato teaches we must all aim toward. The ideal person is the person who possesses eudaimonia, and the field of ethics is mostly just a description of what such an ideal person would truly be like.

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Do you agree with Socrates that knowledge is virtue?

Thus, virtue is one and it is knowledge. Socrates wanted to make ethics a science for that we need a base principle foundation. But he did not have a definition and he accepted his ignorance, did not say that he has knowledge thus he posses wisdom as he has given the ways to life in best possible manner.

Does Plato think virtue is teachable?

Plato’s answer is that virtue cannot be taught.

What is Socrates argument that the virtue called courage implies knowledge?

Socrates seems to be arguing only that courage = wisdom because individuals can act with greater courage when they also have certain kinds of knowledge than when they do not.

What is the role of the soul in Socrates ethical philosophy?

Socrates believed the soul is immortal. He also argued that death is not the end of existence. It is merely separation of the soul from the body. Plato believed the soul was eternal.