Life as the standard of value in Ayn Rand’s Objectivism, and the significance of a flourishing life

What is Ayn Rand’s theory of Objectivism?

Ayn Rand’s philosophy, Objectivism, begins by embracing the basic fact that existence exists. Reality is, and in the quest to live we must discover reality’s nature and learn to act successfully in it. To exist is to be something, to possess a specific identity.

What is the purpose of life according to Ayn Rand?

To choose to live is to accept one’s “own life” as one’s “ethical purpose”. Rand’s metaphysical arguments make three points central to her axiology and ethics. (1) All living entities have values, not only human beings, and only living entities have values: life necessitates value, and value depends on life.

What are the 4 main pillars of Objectivism Ayn Rand?

Objectivism is a system of philosophy created by Ayn Rand and has four main principles: objective reality, absolute reason, individualism, and laissez-faire capitalism.

Why does Ayn Rand believe in Objectivism?

Rand described Objectivism as “a philosophy for living on earth.” The reason why it is a philosophy for living on Earth is that its every principle is derived from the observable facts of reality and the demonstrable requirements of human life and happiness.

What is Ayn Rand’s philosophy of self-interest rational thinking?

Thus, Rand advocates rational self-interest: One’s interests are not whatever one happens to feel like; rather it is by reason that one identifies what is in one’s interest and what is not.

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What is Ayn Rand’s ethical egoism?

Her “A Defense of Ethical Egoism”, a passage from Atlas Shrugged, deals with the idea of rational morality in relation to the validity of altruistic motives and actions in upholding rational morality of individual man: or the “choice…to be moral or to live” (Rand 84), or ethical egoism.