Logical fallacy classification: comparing the best from one group with the worst in another


Which fallacy is a comparison of two things which are more different than similar?

False equivalence is a logical fallacy that occurs when someone incorrectly asserts that two or more things are equivalent, simply because they share some characteristics, despite the fact that there are also notable differences between them.

What is fallacy of ethos?

Fallacies of Credibility (Ethos)

This fallacy attempts to disprove an argument by attacking the character of the speaker.

What are the fallacies of ambiguity?

The fallacies of ambiguity all involve a confusion of two or more different senses. An equivocation trades upon the use of an ambiguous word or phrase in one of its meanings in one of the propositions of an argument but also in another of its meanings in a second proposition. Really exciting novels are rare.

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Is a logical fallacy of wrong comparison of two things?

False equivalence is a logical fallacy in which an equivalence is drawn between two subjects based on flawed or false reasoning. This fallacy is categorized as a fallacy of inconsistency. Colloquially, a false equivalence is often called “comparing apples and oranges.”

What is the fallacy of comparison?

What Is The ‘Comparison Fallacy’? The Comparison Fallacy assumes that it’s possible to compare your skills, priorities, goals, and results with other people in an accurate and useful manner. Other people are not you, and you are not other people.

What is it called when you compare two unrelated things?

A simile directly compares two seemingly unrelated things and then explains what the two items have in common to make a point. Similes often use like or as to make the comparison, as in Life is like a box of chocolates, you never know what you’re going to get.

What is a red herring logical fallacy?

A red herring is something that misleads or distracts from a relevant or important question. It may be either a logical fallacy or a literary device that leads readers or audiences toward a false conclusion.

What are logical fallacies in an argument?

Logical fallacies are arguments that may sound convincing, but are based on faulty logic and are therefore invalid. They may result from innocent errors in reasoning, or be used deliberately to mislead others. Taking logical fallacies at face value can lead you to make poor decisions based on unsound arguments.

What is a smokescreen fallacy?

Smokescreen or Red Herring Fallacy

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The smokescreen fallacy responds to a challenge by bringing up another topic. Smokescreen or red herring fallacies mislead with irrelevant (though possibly related) facts: “We know we need to make cuts in the state budget.

How do you argue against logical fallacies?

To counter the use of a logical fallacy, you should first identify the flaw in reasoning that it contains, and then point it out and explain why it’s a problem, or provide a strong opposing argument that counters it implicitly.

Is comparing the same as equating?

is that equate is to consider equal, to state as being equivalent while compare is (label) to assess the similarities and differences between two or more things [“to compare x with y”] having made the comparison of x with’ y, one might have found it similar ”’to”’ y or different ‘ from y.

How do you identify logical fallacies?

Bad proofs, wrong number of choices, or a disconnect between the proof and conclusion. To spot logical fallacies, look for bad proof, the wrong number of choices, or a disconnect between the proof and the conclusion. Identify bad proofs. A bad proof can be a false comparison.

What is the most common logical fallacy?

The ad hominem is one of the most common logical fallacies. While it can take many forms, from name calling and insults, to attacking a person’s character, to questioning their motives, to calling them hypocrites, any argument that targets the source, rather than the argument, is an ad hominem.

How many types of logical fallacies are there?

Species of Fallacious Arguments. The common fallacies are usefully divided into three categories: Fallacies of Relevance, Fallacies of Unacceptable Premises, and Formal Fallacies. Many of these fallacies have Latin names, perhaps because medieval philosophers were particularly interested in informal logic.

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What is one fallacy you have personally used or seen in an argument?

Begging the question, also called circular reasoning, is a type of fallacy that occurs when the conclusion of an argument is assumed in the phrasing of the question itself. If aliens didn’t steal my newspaper, who did? I have a right to free speech so I can say what I want and you shouldn’t try to stop me.

What are the six logical fallacies?

6 Logical Fallacies That Can Ruin Your Growth

  • Hasty Generalization. A Hasty Generalization is an informal fallacy where you base decisions on insufficient evidence. …
  • Appeal to Authority. …
  • Appeal to Tradition. …
  • Post hoc ergo propter hoc. …
  • False Dilemma. …
  • The Narrative Fallacy. …
  • 6 Logical Fallacies That Can Ruin Your Growth.

What kind of fallacy is because I said so?

Description: Refusing to respond to give reasons or evidence for a claim by stating yourself as the ultimate authority on the matter. This is usually indicated by the phrases, “just trust me”, “because I said so”, “you’ll see”, or “just because”.