Looking for references regarding the history of metaphysics, and specially of ontology


What is metaphysics and how is it related to ontology?

Metaphysics is a very broad field, and metaphysicians attempt to answer questions about how the world is. Ontology is a related sub-field, partially within metaphysics, that answers questions of what things exist in the world. An ontology posits which entities exist in the world.

What is metaphysical ontology?

ontology, the philosophical study of being in general, or of what applies neutrally to everything that is real. It was called “first philosophy” by Aristotle in Book IV of his Metaphysics.

What is the history of metaphysics?

The history of metaphysics in Western philosophy (taking “metaphysics” in the contemporary sense) began with speculations by the Ionian cosmologists in the sixth century BCE about the origin of the physical universe, the matter or stuff from which it is made, and the laws or uniformities everywhere present in nature.

Is ontology a branch of metaphysics?

Ontology – a central branch of metaphysics. Ontology is the study of the nature of being, becoming, existence, or reality, as well as the basic categories of being and how they relate to each other. In simpler terms, ontology investigates what there is.

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What is metaphysics and example?

The definition of metaphysics is a field of philosophy that is generally focused on how reality and the universe began. An example of metaphysics is a study of God versus the Big Bang theory. noun.

Who discovered ontology?

The term is generally credited to the great Ionian mathematician, scientist, and religious mystic Pythagoras who lived circa 570 BCE. Parmenides, circa 500 BCE, is given credit for the first discussions on the ontological categorization of existence (though the dates are not entirely agreed upon).

What is metaphysics research?

Derived from the Greek meta ta physika (“after the things of nature”); referring to an idea, doctrine, or posited reality outside of human sense perception. In modern philosophical terminology, metaphysics refers to the studies of what cannot be reached through objective studies of material reality.

Who first used the term metaphysics?

The concept metaphysics originates from the Greek words τά μετά τά ϕυσιχά, which is the name of a work by Aristotle. There is a traditional explanation of this name which has been universally accepted.

Why is it important to study metaphysics?

Metaphysics provides a base for educational thought by establishing knowledge, truths and values, as ontological realities whose nature must be understood to understand its place in educational matters.

How do you write an ontology?

Tips for Creating an Ontology

  1. Determine the domain and scope of the ontology.
  2. Consider reusing existing ontologies.
  3. Enumerate important terms.
  4. Define the classes & class hierarchy.
  5. Define the properties of classes.
  6. Define the facets of the slots.
  7. Create instances.
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What is ontology research example?

Ontology: An ontology is a philosophical belief system about the nature of social reality—what can be known and how. For example, is the social world patterned and predictable, or is the social world continually being constructed through human interactions and rituals?

What is an ontology in philosophy?

In brief, ontology, as a branch of philosophy, is the science of what is, of the kinds and structures of objects. In simple terms, ontology seeks the classification and explanation of entities. Ontology is about the object of inquiry, what you set to examine.

How is ontology the central part of metaphysics?

It includes the questions of how entities are grouped into basic categories and which of these entities exist on the most fundamental level. Ontology is sometimes referred to as the science of being and belongs to the major branch of philosophy known as metaphysics.

How is ontology used in research?

Ontology helps researchers recognize how certain they can be about the nature and existence of objects they are researching. For instance, what ‘truth claims’ can a researcher make about reality? Who decides the legitimacy of what is ‘real’? How do researchers deal with different and conflicting ideas of reality?

What is literary ontology?

Ontology is the study of being. Ontology seeks to clarify the sense (or senses) in which a thing may be said to be, or to exist, and to provide an account of the most basic categories of being.

What is another word for ontology?

In this page you can discover 21 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for ontology, like: the nature of being, philosophy of existence, metaphysics, cosmology, schemas, ontology-based, relational, semantics, domain-specific, hypermedia and object oriented.

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What is ontology in international relations?

Ontology is the enquiry into the horizons of existence. The problems of existing cannot be solved except through existing itself. Tradition- ally, what has been explored in international relations is the cogitares of De- scartes’ cogito sum while the sum has been left as self-evident.