What does epistemic justice mean?
Epistemic injustice is injustice related to knowledge. It includes exclusion and silencing; systematic distortion or misrepresentation of one’s meanings or contributions; undervaluing of one’s status or standing in communicative practices; unfair distinctions in authority; and unwarranted distrust.
What makes something an epistemic injustice?
Epistemic injustice is the idea that we can be unfairly discriminated against in our capacity as a knower based on prejudices about the speaker, such as gender, social background, ethnicity, race, sexuality, tone of voice, accent, and so on.
How do you stop epistemic in injustice?
To prevent epistemic injustice, Fricker suggests that we cultivate reliable character traits—virtues—that neutralize prejudice. We should aim to be aware of the potential prejudice in who we judge as credible.
What is an example of epistemic injustice?
Common examples include sexism and racism. In such cases the testimony of a woman or a person from an ethnic minority background will be given deflated credibility, based on the prejudicial associations between that group and negative stereotypes.
What is epistemic violence according to Spivak?
epistemic violence is to damage a given group’s ability to speak and be heard. Because of Spivak’s work and the work of other philosophers, the reality that. members of oppressed groups can be silenced by virtue of group membership is. widely recognized.
What is epistemic injustice in healthcare?
Epistemic injustice is wrong done to someone in their capacity as a knower. In healthcare settings, epistemic injustice occurs when patients experience an unjustified discrediting as unreliable informants of their own illness experiences.
How does Fricker define epistemic injustice?
Epistemic injustice occurs, as Fricker introduces the concept, when someone is given less credence than they deserve. As a source of testimony, they are treated unjustly. Members of groups against whom there is widespread prejudice are the most obvious victims.
What is epistemic exploitation?
epistemic exploitation occurs “when privileged persons compel marginalized persons to educate them about the nature of their oppression” (569).
What is philosopher Miranda Fricker testimonial injustice?
Miranda Fricker (Contributor Webpage)
The first kind of epistemic injustice is explored: testimonial injustice, wherein a speaker receives an unfair deficit of credibility from a hearer owing to prejudice on the hearer’s part.