Original Text Sources for 2 Aristotle ideas – 1/ nous on nous , 2/ sprial of knowledge – which texts did Aristotle first mention these in?


What is the source of knowledge according to Aristotle?

Aristotle calls such foundational premises “basic truths.” Thus he concludes there can be knowledge by demonstration (deduction) only if there is knowledge of such basic truths by some other means than deduction.

What is nous for Aristotle?

Aristotle describes mind (nous, often also rendered as “intellect” or “reason”) as “the part of the soul by which it knows and understands” (De Anima iii 4, 429a9–10; cf.

What are the two types of knowledge Aristotle came up with?

Episteme (Scientific Knowledge) Phronesis (Ethical Knowledge)

What are the 2 virtues of Aristotle?

There are two kinds of virtue: intellectual and moral. We learn intellectual virtues by instruction, and we learn moral virtues by habit and constant practice. We are all born with the potential to be morally virtuous, but it is only by behaving in the right way that we train ourselves to be virtuous.

What are Aristotle’s three types of knowledge?

Thousands of years ago Aristotle presented a classification of knowledge, which divided the whole complex of human knowledge into three forms. These were episteme (scientific knowledge), techne (skill and crafts) and phronesis (often translated as practical wisdom) (see e.g. Gustavsson, 2000).

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What are Aristotle’s 10 categories?

Instead, he thinks that there are ten: (1) substance; (2) quantity; (3) quality; (4) relatives; (5) somewhere; (6) sometime; (7) being in a position; (8) having; (9) acting; and (10) being acted upon (1b25–2a4).

What did Aristotle write?

His most important treatises include Physics, Metaphysics, Nicomachean Ethics, Politics, On the Soul and Poetics.

Why is Aristotle important to psychology?

Aristotle, building upon the work of the earlier philosophers and their studies into mind, reasoning and thought, wrote the first known text in the history of psychology, called Para Psyche, ‘About the Mind.

What is a nous and examples?

Nous is defined as reason, knowledge and good sense. An example of nous is the ability to think rationally. noun. 3. The rational part of the individual human soul.

What is virtuous Aristotle?

Aristotle defines moral virtue as a disposition to behave in the right manner and as a mean between extremes of deficiency and excess, which are vices. We learn moral virtue primarily through habit and practice rather than through reasoning and instruction.

What are Aristotle’s three requirements for virtue?

He says there are “three conditions arising in the soul”—feelings, capacities, and states—and that virtue must be one of these. Feelings are things that have elements of both pleasure and pain, like appetite, anger, fear, and love.