Philosophy of Chankya/Kautilya

What is Kautilya philosophy?

Kautilya believed that nations acted in their political, economic and military self-interest. He thought that foreign policy or diplomacy will be practiced as long as the sell-interest of the state is served because every state acts in a way to maximize the power and self interest.

What is Chanakya strategy?

Chanakya used to add little amount of poison in his food daily so that his body becomes tolerant to it. Image source. As Chanakya was loyal to the king and the kingdom, he sometimes over-extended this commitment. Chanakya would add very small doses of poison to Chandragupta Maurya’s meal every day.

Is Kautilya a theorist of realism?

Kautilya, popularly known as Chanakya, was the first Realist thinker whose thoughts were critical to the evolution of the theories of statecraft, diplomacy, strategy, and power.

What is the main theme of Kautilya book Arthashastra?

The Arthashastra summarises the political thoughts of Chandragupta Maurya’s chief minister Kautilya or the basic principles of Government.

What is six-fold policy of Kautilya?

(iv) According to Arthashastra, the State should follow a six-fold policy with other States: (1) Sandhi (treaty of peace); (2) Vigrah (war); (3) Asana (neutrality) (4) Yana (marching) – presumably a threat; (5) Samsrya (alliance) and (6) Dwidibhava (making peace with one and end war with another).

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What did Acharya Kautilya think about the population?

Population could not grow beyond a reasonable limit owing to the high death rate due to constant wars between small states and loss of life due to the inadequate medical facilities. Kautilya recommended that the king should establish colonies for facilitating immigration.

Who wrote the book Arthashastra Paribhasha?

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Book Name 1000 Words Dictionary

Who wrote a book named Arthshastra in ancient time?


Science of Political Economy
Author Kautilya
Subject Statecraft, Economic policy and Military strategy
Publication date 3rd century BCE
Text Arthashastra at Wikisource

What did Kautilya’s Arthashastra teach?

Written about 300 B.C.E., Kautilya’s Arthasastra was a science of politics intended to teach a wise king how to govern.

What do you know about the Kautilya’s Arthashastra and its key features?

Arthashastra deals thoroughly with the qualities and disciplines needed for a king to rule his subjects more expeditiously. According to Kautilya, a kKing is one who: Has self-control, having conquered the unfriendly temptations of the senses. Cultivates the intellect by consulting with elders.

Who called Kautilya as Indian Machiavelli?

Chanakya has been called the “Indian Machiavelli” because his writings have a political pragmatism similar to that seen in Machiavelli’s own work.

Who was popularly known as Indian Machiavelli?


The correct answer is Kautilya. Kautilya was also called ‘Indian Machiavelli’. Arthasastra a book on economy and polity in Sanskrit was written by Kautilya, a contemporary of Chandragupta Maurya.

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Which was the capital of Chandragupta Maurya?


Pataliputra, capital of the Mauryas.