Possible Logical Error in Euthyphro?


What is Euthyphro’s first definition and what is wrong with it?

1st Definition: Piety is what Euthyphro is doing now, namely prosecuting wrongdoers. Impiety is failing to do this. Socrates’ Objection: That’s just an example of piety, not a general definition of the concept.

Why is the Euthyphro dilemma a dilemma?

At first glance the Euthyphro dilemma may seem a challenge to the value of religious traditions. In fact it is a question that unites the religious and the secular in the need to seek right and wrong within the human world, whether or not we also choose to seek them in God.

Who does Euthyphro blame for failure to define piety?

To that end, Socrates concludes the dialogue with Socratic irony: Since Euthyphro was unable to define “piety”, Euthyphro has failed to teach Socrates about piety. Therefore, from his dialogue with Euthyphro, Socrates received nothing helpful to his defense against a formal charge of impiety (15c ff.).

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What is the Euthyphro question and how does Euthyphro respond to it what objections does Socrates raise to this response?

Because he felt quite sure that the Athenian people in general did not understand the real nature of either piety or impiety, Socrates asks Euthyphro to answer the question “What is piety?” He has a real purpose in doing this, for Euthyphro, a Sophist, professes to be wise concerning such matters, while Socrates, …

What is wrong with Euthyphro’s second definition of the pious?

the pious is what is dear to the gods. What is wrong with Euthyphro’s second definition of the pious? It leads to a contradiction.

What is the Euthyphro paradox?

The Euthyphro dilemma is found in Plato’s dialogue Euthyphro, in which Socrates asks Euthyphro, “Is the pious (τὸ ὅσιον) loved by the gods because it is pious, or is it pious because it is loved by the gods?” ( 10a)

What is the conclusion of Euthyphro?

Euthyphro concludes that what is holy is what all gods agree upon, and that which is not agreed upon is unholy.

What is the thesis of Euthyphro?

Euthyphro’s thesis is that “being loved by the gods” is a necessary and sufficient condition for the piety of an act, and being hated by the gods is necessary and sufficient for the impiety of an act. – For any act x, x is pious if and only if x is loved by the gods.

What makes Socrates philosophical while Euthyphro is not?

What is it that makes Socrates “philosophical” while Euthyphro is not? To think, act and speak philosophical is the art of doing so in such a manner that iscontemplative, devoid of logic and questions every aspect of the thought process a certain action,word or deed, is taken through before it is acted upon.

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Does Euthyphro end in Aporia?

And the Euthyphro ends in aporia (at an impasse) because Socrates is unable to differentiate reverence adequately from justice. Efforts to define sound mindedness (sophrosune) in the Charmides end in an impasse partly owing to the difficulty of specifying the subject of the knowledge that is the essence of this virtue.

What is Socrates trying to say in Euthyphro?

Socrates sets up a rather elaborate argument to show that the two cannot be equivalent. What is holy gets approved of by the gods because it is holy, so what is holy determines what gets approved of by the gods. And what gets approved of by the gods in turn determines what is approved of by the gods.

Why do Socrates and Euthyphro reject the definition of piety as what all the gods love?

Euthyphro proposes that to say that something is pious, is to say that the gods love it or approve of it (Anything that the gods approve is pious). He thinks this because one action that is pious is giving offerings and sacrifices to the gods, it is pious because the gods like it.

Why does Socrates and ultimately Euthyphro reject this definition?

Socrates rejects Euthyphro’s action, because it is not a definition of piety, and is only an example of piety, and does not provide the essential characteristic that makes pious actions pious. Euthyphro’s second definition: Piety is what is pleasing to the gods/ what is approved by the gods.