Why does Plato argue that knowing is remembering?
In the Theory of Recollection, according to Plato, it is the remembrance of the ideas that each human being possesses in an innate way in the soul. Knowledge is not found in the external world, but is internally located, in the consciousness.
What is the argument from recollection?
ii. The Argument from Recollection (72e-78b) Cebes mentions that the soul’s immortality also is supported by Socrates’ theory that learning is “recollection” (a theory which is, by most accounts, distinctively Platonic, and one that plays a role in his dialogues Meno and Phaedrus as well).
What does Plato argue in Phaedo?
The Phaedo gives us four different arguments for the immortality of the soul: The Argument from Opposites, the Theory of Recollection, the Argument from Affinity, and the final argument, given as a response to Cebes’ objection. Plato does not seem to place equal weight on all four of these arguments.
What is Socrates argument regarding recollection and equality What is this supposed to demonstrate?
According to Socrates, people possess knowledge of the Equal itself before being able to perceive through their senses, objects of equal proportions . The recollection theory extends to the Beautiful itself, the Good itself, and every pure Form of the sort.
What is wrong with the theory of recollection?
The problem with his theory is that it’s not completely convincing that it gives a good description of learning. The theory of recollection describes learning as remembering. A problem with that is that the slave boy example does not prove that learning is remembering.
Does the theory of recollection presented in the Phaedo differ from that of the Meno?
Commentary. The Theory of Recollection is laid out in more detail in Plato’s Meno, and the discussion in the Phaedo alludes to, and seems to assume prior knowledge of, this earlier discussion. The Phaedo and the Meno are consistent, though, and the presentation of the theory in each dialogue can stand on its own.
Which philosopher argued that all learning is recollection?
Socrates further emphasizes this point in the next line where he states flatly that “learning and inquiry are then wholly recollection” (81d).
What does the argument from opposites try to establish about the soul?
Plato uses this concept to argue that life comes from its opposite (death), to support a belief in immortality. Plato claims that ‘opposites [come] from opposites’ and suggests that there is a ‘necessary law’ in existence; everything which has an opposite is brought about by that opposite alone.
What is Plato’s doctrine of knowledge as a recollection ‘?
The Platonic doctrine of recollection or anamnesis, is the idea that we are born possessing all knowledge and our realization of that knowledge is contingent on our discovery of it. Whether the doctrine should be taken literally or not is a subject of debate.
Who introduces the idea of recollection as providing a means of proving immortality?
Plato’s Theory of Knowledge
In general, Plato’s theory discusses how recollection, immortality of the soul, and the Forms are essential to understand and reason knowledge. The reader believes that his theory has a strong foundation, where one recollects knowledge and if that is the case, then said knowledge is eternal.
What is the imperfection argument reconstruct the argument and explain in what sense it is indicative of Plato’s theory of forms?
The “Imperfection Argument” (Phaedo 74-76)
This is both an argument for the existence of Forms and an argument for our possession of a priori concepts. Plato bases the argument on the imperfection of sensible objects and our ability to make judgments about those sensible objects.
Which of the following is an argument empiricists offer against innate ideas?
Descartes argues for the existence of God based on the claim that only God could have created such an orderly, coordinated, well-designed world. Which of the following is an argument empiricists offer against innate ideas? –Even the rationalists themselves disagree over what ideas are supposed to be innate.
How do empiricists claim we gain reliable knowledge?
The answer is that the central point of empiricism involves gaining knowledge through the senses, rather than through innate ideas. And Berkeley wholeheartedly believes that we do acquire all of our knowledge through sense perception. The only issue involves what the source is of those sense perceptions.
Is it possible to make use both philosophical approaches Why or why not?
It is possible to use both rationalism and empiricism. In fact, this is common both in science and in normal thinking.