Self-referring propositions

A self-referential proposition is one that says of itself that it has a certain property and that does not say anything else. Thus, an atomic proposition F(p) (i.e. the proposition that p is F) such that p = F(p) would be self-referential.

What is meant by self-reference?

Definition of self-reference

: the act or an instance of referring or alluding to oneself or itself … their discourse can become dominated by words expressing confidence, like …

What is self-referential statement?

In the context of language, self-reference is used to denote a statement that refers to itself or its own referent. The most famous example of a self-referential sentence is the liar sentence: “This sentence is not true.” Self-reference is often used in a broader context as well.

What is the problem with self-reference?

Consequently, when it comes to self-improvement, the “self-referential problem” is as follows: An agent is using its own reasoning system to determine that future versions of its reasoning system will be safe.

What is self-reference in literature?

Self-reference occurs in literature and film when an author refers to his or her own work in the context of the work itself.

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What is an example of self-reference effect?

The first experiment revealed a clear self-reference effect on memory for people: participants could recall more people with the same first name as their own than could paired participants. For example, Simon retrieved more people called Simon than David did, but David retrieved more people called David than Simon did.

What is self-reference in Excel?

The simplest way to self-reference a cell, row or column is to refer to it normally, e.g., “=A1” in cell A1, and make the reference partly or completely relative.

What is called self-referential structure?

A self referential data structure is essentially a structure definition which includes at least one member that is a pointer to the structure of its own kind. • Such self referential structures are very useful in applications that involve linked data structures, such as lists and trees.

Who invented the self-reference effect?

Rogers, Kuiper, and Kirker (1977) performed one of the first studies examining the self-reference effect making it a foundational article. The focus of the study was to identify the importance of the self and how it is implicated when processing personal information.

What is self-reference criterion in Counselling?

Self Reference Criterion is often defined as an unconscious reference to one’s own cultural values, experiences and knowledge as a basis for decisions.

What is SRC and ethnocentrism?

SRC (self-reference criterion) is an unconscious reference to one’s own cultural values, experiences, and knowledge as a basis for decisions. Closely connected is ethnocentrism, that is, the notion that one’s own culture or company knows best how to do things.

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What do you understand by self reference criterion Why is it important to know in the context of international marketing?

In local markets on the basis of self reference criterion; the marketer can predict the future responses of customers to a particular product but in the markets of some other country or culture the responses of customers will be based on their unique cultural environment.

What is self reference criterion PDF?

By definition Self Reference Criterion is. generally defined as: an unconscious reference to one’s own cultural values, experiences and.

What is example of ethnocentrism?

An example of ethnocentrism in culture is the Asian cultures across all the countries of Asia. Throughout Asia, the way of eating is to use chopsticks with every meal. These people may find it unnecessary to find that people in other societies, such as the American society, eat using forks, spoons, knives, etc.