Socrates’ absence in Plato’s Laws


How did Socrates disobey the law?

Note how calculated the breaking of the unjust law has to be in order for it to be considered civil disobedience: Socrates never intentionally broke Athenian laws, he was charged with crimes that he was not aware he was committing and he even argues against committing those crimes to the Athenian court instead of

What did Socrates and Plato disagree on?

Socrates has his teachings centered primarily around epistemology and ethics while Plato was quite concerned with literature, education, society, love, friendship, rhetoric, arts, etc. Socrates disagreed with the concept of overreaching; he describes it as a foolish way to live.

What did Socrates say about laws?

Whenever the conditions are fulfilled, Socrates upholds his principle: the law should be obeyed as such, not as being just. This attitude should be understood mainly as a reaction to the dangers that Socrates perceived in Sophistic thought.

Is Socrates in all of Plato’s works?

4. Socrates. There is one interlocutor who speaks in nearly all of Plato’s dialogues, being completely absent only in Laws, which ancient testimony tells us was one of his latest works: that figure is Socrates.

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Why does Socrates refuse to escape?

An escape would be a violation of the law of the land and would imply that Socrates is an enemy of that which makes for an orderly society. He cannot do this without going back on the principles for which he has stood throughout his entire life.

Why does Socrates obey the law?

Abstract: Socrates´ thought of justice and obedience to laws is motivated by a will to avoid the destructive effects of Sophistic criticisms and theories of laws. He thus requires-against theories of natural law-an almost absolute obedience to the law, as far as this law respects the legal system of the city.

Did Plato admire Socrates?

Plato’s great admiration for Socrates was all the more remarkable because it coexisted not only with a recognition of why Socrates was considered dangerous but also with his belief that Socrates was, to some degree, guilty of impiety and of corrupting the young.

What was Plato’s relationship with Socrates?

Plato was a philosopher during the 5th century BCE. He was a student of Socrates and later taught Aristotle. He founded the Academy, an academic program which many consider to be the first Western university. Plato wrote many philosophical texts—at least 25.

What was Socrates known for?

Socrates of Athens (l. c. 470/469-399 BCE) is among the most famous figures in world history for his contributions to the development of ancient Greek philosophy which provided the foundation for all of Western Philosophy. He is, in fact, known as the “Father of Western Philosophy” for this reason.

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Does Socrates believe in God?

Socrates also believes in deity, but his conception is completely different from the typical Athenians. While to the Athenians gods are human-like and confused, Socrates believes god to be perfectly good and perfectly wise. His god is rationally moral. His god also has a purpose.

What were Socrates beliefs?

Socrates believed that philosophy should achieve practical results for the greater well-being of society. He attempted to establish an ethical system based on human reason rather than theological doctrine. Socrates pointed out that human choice was motivated by the desire for happiness.

What did Plato do for Socrates?

Plato’s Influences

The young Plato became a devoted follower of Socrates—indeed, he was one of the youths Socrates was condemned for allegedly corrupting. Plato’s recollections of Socrates’ lived-out philosophy and style of relentless questioning, the Socratic method, became the basis for his early dialogues.

What are the 3 teachings of Socrates?

Though Socrates characteristically professed his own ignorance regarding many of the (mainly ethical) subjects he investigated (e.g., the nature of piety), he did hold certain convictions with confidence, including that: (1) human wisdom begins with the recognition of one’s own ignorance; (2) the unexamined life is not

What was Plato’s biggest theory?

His most famous contribution is the theory of Forms known by pure reason, in which Plato presents a solution to the problem of universals known as Platonism (also ambiguously called either Platonic realism or Platonic idealism).

Plato
Notable ideas Platonic philosophy Innatism Theory of forms Idealism

What is Plato’s real name?

Aristocles

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It was claimed that Plato’s real name was Aristocles, and that ‘Plato’ was a nickname (roughly ‘the broad’) derived either from the width of his shoulders, the results of training for wrestling, or from the breadth of his style, or from the size of his forehead.

What is Socrates full name?

Socrates (/ˈsɒkrətiːz/; Greek: Σωκράτης; c. 470–399 BC) was a Greek philosopher from Athens who is credited as the founder of Western philosophy and among the first moral philosophers of the ethical tradition of thought.

Socrates
Era Ancient Greek philosophy
Region Western philosophy
School Classical Greek philosophy

Who taught Socrates?

Along with Diotima, Aspasia was one of the two women philosophers whom Plato recognised as a teacher of Socrates. Her biography is subject to debate, but she is still famous for her knowledge of rhetoric and her skill in debate.