The index finger of Socrates and Plato


Why is Plato’s finger pointing up?

Plato points up because in his philosophy the changing world that we see around us is just a shadow of a higher, truer reality that is eternal and unchanging (and include things like goodness and beauty).

Why does Socrates point upwards?

He is pointing upwards because his philosophical inquiries (as outlined in his Theory of Forms) have led him to conclude that the true nature of things is of a higher order than reality as we perceive it.

Is Plato the pupil of Socrates?

Plato was a philosopher during the 5th century BCE. He was a student of Socrates and later taught Aristotle. He founded the Academy, an academic program which many consider to be the first Western university. Plato wrote many philosophical texts—at least 25.

What was Plato’s reaction to Socrates death?

Plato emphasises the devastating, tragic grief suffered by the master’s followers at “the death of our friend, who was the best and wisest and most just man of all those of his time whom we have known’. But not everybody in Athens at the time was a friend or student of Socrates.

Who is Socrates philosophy?

Who was Socrates? Socrates was an ancient Greek philosopher, one of the three greatest figures of the ancient period of Western philosophy (the others were Plato and Aristotle), who lived in Athens in the 5th century BCE.

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Who owns the death of Socrates?

The Trudaines reportedly owned, in addition to The Death of Socrates, a small painted study for the picture with nine figures which was seized during the revolution and never located.

Does Socrates believe in God?

Socrates also believes in deity, but his conception is completely different from the typical Athenians. While to the Athenians gods are human-like and confused, Socrates believes god to be perfectly good and perfectly wise. His god is rationally moral. His god also has a purpose.

Why did Socrates not fear death?

Socrates ultimately does not fear death because of his innocence, he believes that death is not feared because it may be one of the greatest blessings of the soul.

Who is Socrates wife?

Xanthippe

CONCERNING THE MARRIAGE of Socrates our earliest and best sources, Plato and Xenophon, tell a single tale. His wife was Xanthippe, who was the mother of his children, Lamprocles, Sophroniscus, and Menexenus.

Was Aristotle a sophist?

This practice resulted in the condemnations made by Plato through Socrates in his dialogues, as well as by Xenophon in his Memorabilia and, somewhat controversially, by Aristotle. As a paid tutor to Alexander the Great, Aristotle could be accused of being a sophist.

What was Socrates famous for?

Socrates of Athens (l. c. 470/469-399 BCE) is among the most famous figures in world history for his contributions to the development of ancient Greek philosophy which provided the foundation for all of Western Philosophy. He is, in fact, known as the “Father of Western Philosophy” for this reason.

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Was Sophocles a Sophist?

Sophocles was not a Sophist. Sophists believed in the philosophy that man is the measure of all things.