The Ontological Argument and Kant’s Critique

According to Kant, the refutation of the ontological argument entails the refutation of the cosmological argument. The later infers the existence of a necessary being from the existence in general. Kant states it briefly: “If anything exists, an absolutely necessary being must also exist” (B633).

What was Kant’s objection to the ontological argument?

Abstract: The most famous objection to the ontological argument is given in Kant’s dictum that existence is not a real predicate.

What is wrong with the ontological argument?

In the end, the Ontological Argument fails as a proof for the existence of God when careful attention is paid to the cognitive terms that it employs. When the terms are disambiguated, either nothing philosophically interesting follows or nothing follows at all.

Who criticized the ontological argument?

Thomas Aquinas, while proposing five proofs of God’s existence in his Summa Theologica, objected to Anselm’s argument. He suggested that people cannot know the nature of God and, therefore, cannot conceive of God in the way Anselm proposed.

WHO rejects the ontological argument for the existence of God?

Aquinas rejects the ontological argument for the existence of God. According to Aquinas, it is impossible that something that undergoes change to cause that change. According to Aquinas, something can be its own efficient cause.

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What type of argument is the ontological argument?

As an “a priori” argument, the Ontological Argument tries to “prove” the existence of God by establishing the necessity of God’s existence through an explanation of the concept of existence or necessary being.

Is the ontological argument a valid argument?

This argument seems to be valid, since the truth of the premises would guarantee the truth of the conclusion. And it also seems to be sound, since, in addition, the premises seem to be true.

What is meant by ontological argument?

Ontological arguments are arguments, for the conclusion that God exists, from premises which are supposed to derive from some source other than observation of the world—e.g., from reason alone.

What is the ontological argument simple?

The ontological argument is an idea in religious philosophy. It is supposed to show that God exists. There are different versions, but they all argue something like: because we can imagine a perfect being, there must be a god. The idea is that existing makes a good thing better than one that’s only imaginary.