To what extent did the Presocratics borrow from neighbouring Babylonian & Egyptian cultures?


What did the pre-socratics ask?

The Pre-Socratic philosophers rejected traditional mythological explanations for the phenomena they saw around them in favor of more rational explanations. They started to ask questions like where did everything come from, and why is there such variety, and how can nature be described mathematically?

What were the presocratics interested in?

The Presocratics were interested in a wide variety of topics, especially in what we now think of as natural science rather than philosophy. These early thinkers often sought naturalistic explanations and causes for physical phenomena.

What was the main contribution of the presocratics?

The Presocratics were 6th and 5th century BCE Greek thinkers who introduced a new way of inquiring into the world and the place of human beings in it. They were recognized in antiquity as the first philosophers and scientists of the Western tradition.

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What are the important differences between Presocratics and Socrates?

The Presocratics were generally interested in everything but ethics and the good life. Socrates was interested in little but ethics and the good life. That’s the main distinction, and this claim is backed up by the SEP article (see section 1).

What was the focus of the major questions on the mind of the three Ionian thinkers?

In other words, they asked rational questions how the world works and they have observed the laws of nature and came to the conclusion that the world was a ‘Cosmos’ (in English: A space that seems orderly and organised). These Ionian pre-Socratics are often referred to as the thinkers of the Ionian Enlightenment.

What makes a philosopher a Pre-Socratic?

pre-Socratics, group of early Greek philosophers, most of whom were born before Socrates, whose attention to questions about the origin and nature of the physical world has led to their being called cosmologists or naturalists.

What does it mean to say the Greeks were moving from myth to philosophy?

The Greeks were moving from MYTH to PHILOSOPHY. They were to move from using Poetry as a guide for life to using Philosophy. They would be moving away from a religious mode of thought to a philosophical mode of thought. In the religious mode, the mythopoetic mode, causality was thought of in anthropomorphic modes.

Where does ultimate reality reside in Plato?

In basic terms, Plato’s Theory of Forms asserts that the physical world is not really the ‘real’ world; instead, ultimate reality exists beyond our physical world. Plato discusses this theory in a few different dialogues, including the most famous one, called ‘The Republic.

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What are the beliefs of Greek philosophy?

In ancient Greece, philosophers contemplated and theorized about many different ideas such as human nature, ethics, and moral dilemmas. Ancient Greek philosophers can be categorized into three groups: the Pre-Socratics, the Socratics, and the Post-Socratics.

What is the Socratic method?

The Socratic method is a teaching tactic in which questions are asked continually until either the student gives a wrong answer or reasoning or the teacher is satisfied with the student’s responses.

Was Aristotle a sophist?

This practice resulted in the condemnations made by Plato through Socrates in his dialogues, as well as by Xenophon in his Memorabilia and, somewhat controversially, by Aristotle. As a paid tutor to Alexander the Great, Aristotle could be accused of being a sophist.

What is Socratic period?

The Socratic or Classical period of the Ancient era of philosophy denotes the Greek contemporaries and near contemporaries of the influential philosopher Socrates. It includes the following major philosophers: Socrates (464 – 399 B.C.) Greek. Plato (c. 428 – 348 B.C.) Greek.

Where is Socrates buried?

According to Plato, he accepted serenely his destiny. Greek Philosopher. Born in 470 BC, he is known as the founder of Ethics and Philosophy.
Socrates.

Birth unknown Athens, Regional unit of Athens, Attica, Greece
Death unknown Athens, Regional unit of Athens, Attica, Greece
Burial Burial Details Unknown

Does Socrates believe in God?

Socrates also believes in deity, but his conception is completely different from the typical Athenians. While to the Athenians gods are human-like and confused, Socrates believes god to be perfectly good and perfectly wise. His god is rationally moral. His god also has a purpose.

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Who is the student of Socrates?

Plato

Plato, (born 428/427 bce, Athens, Greece—died 348/347, Athens), ancient Greek philosopher, student of Socrates (c. 470–399 bce), teacher of Aristotle (384–322 bce), and founder of the Academy, best known as the author of philosophical works of unparalleled influence.

Was Socrates found innocent or guilty?

He was found guilty of “impiety” and “corrupting the young”, sentenced to death, and then required to carry out his own execution by consuming a deadly potion of the poisonous plant hemlock. Politicians and historians have often used the trial to show how democracy can go rotten by descending into mob rule.

What is Socrates most famous statement?

The unexamined life is not worth living.” “There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance.”