What did Nietzsche claim?
Nietzsche claimed the exemplary human being must craft his/her own identity through self-realization and do so without relying on anything transcending that life—such as God or a soul.
What does Nietzsche mean by the Transvaluation of values?
Transvaluation would mean the exaltation of life rather than the exaltation of suffering, and an acceptance of every instinct or lust as organic and therefore valid, and so beyond the scope of moral condemnation. What one desires would be merely what one desires, rather than either sinful or pious.
Is Nietzsche the most important philosopher?
Friedrich Nietzsche was a German philosopher who became one of the most influential of all modern thinkers. His attempts to unmask the motives that underlie traditional Western religion, morality, and philosophy deeply affected generations of theologians, philosophers, psychologists, poets, novelists, and playwrights.
What is Nietzsche best known for?
German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche is known for his writings on good and evil, the end of religion in modern society and the concept of a “super-man.”
What is Nietzsche’s main philosophy?
Nietzsche’s moral philosophy is primarily critical in orientation: he attacks morality both for its commitment to untenable descriptive (metaphysical and empirical) claims about human agency, as well as for the deleterious impact of its distinctive norms and values on the flourishing of the highest types of human …
What philosophy did Nietzsche practice?
Nietzsche often thought of his writings as struggles with nihilism, and apart from his critiques of religion, philosophy, and morality he developed original theses that have commanded attention, especially perspectivism, the will to power, eternal recurrence, and the superman.
What does Nietzsche mean by higher morality?
Nietzsche defined master morality as the morality of the strong-willed. He criticizes the view (which he identifies with contemporary British ideology) that good is everything that is helpful, and bad is everything that is harmful.
Did Nietzsche believe in values?
According to Tanesini, Nietzsche thinks that genuine values are created through the kind of self-‐determina(on that characterises ‘great men’. These people’s values are genuinely valuable, unlike the values that most of us hold. But we might ask whether Nietzsche can make both of these claims.
What does Nietzsche call Christianity?
116. In the first essay of Nietzsche’s On the Genealogy of Morals (OGM), he lays out his famous accusation: Christianity is the religion of the downtrodden, the bullied, the weak, the poor and the slave. And this, precisely, is why it is so filled with hatred.
What inspired Nietzsche?
Nietzsche’s enthusiasm for Schopenhauer, his studies in classical philology, his inspiration from Wagner, his reading of Lange, his interests in health, his professional need to prove himself as a young academic, and his frustration with the contemporary German culture, all coalesced in his first book—The Birth of …
Who was Nietzsche first influenced by?
Arthur Schopenhauer strongly influenced Nietzsche’s philosophical thought.
Did Nietzsche believe in free will?
The 19th-century philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche is known as a critic of Judeo-Christian morality and religions in general. One of the arguments he raised against the truthfulness of these doctrines is that they are based upon the concept of free will, which, in his opinion, does not exist.
Does Nietzsche believe in truth?
For Nietzsche truth is grounded in the practice of taking to be true, whereas a notion of truth as practice-transcendent is a fiction. Similarly, the allegiance of the new philosopher is not to truth as a property, but to the practice of holding something to be true.
Does Nietzsche support capitalism?
In the realm of economics, Nietzsche opposed socialism, calling it “the tyranny of the meanest and most brainless.” But he was not enamored of capitalism either. He looked down on commercial society and did not recognize the marketplace as a domain, like art and war, that is worthy of the overman.